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Marie Foster

About Marie Foster

Civil Rights Movement leader who helped register African American voters in Selma, Alabama, and was a local organizers of the Selma to Montgomery marches in 1965.

Early life

She attempted to register for voting eight times before she had any success.


She was one of the key organizers of the Selma to Montgomery march and helped create the Dallas County Voters League to improve the voter registration system.

Family of Marie Foster

She was widowed soon after giving birth to her third child.

Close associates of Marie Foster

She had a great impact during the Civil Rights Movement led by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Florence Kelley

About Florence Kelley

Suffragist and civil rights activist who helped establish the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP ) in 1909. She was also known for her advocacy for a minimum wage and eight-hour workdays.

Early life

She attended Cornell University, where she was a follower of Karl Marx.


She was a friend of author W.E.B Dubois, who she founded the NAACP with.

Family of Florence Kelley

She had three children with Lazare Wischnewetzky, whom she married in 1884.

Close associates of Florence Kelley

She helped translate Die Lage der arbeitenden Klasse in England, which was written by Friedrich Engels.

Harriet Tubman

About Harriet Tubman

Escaped slave who became an abolitionist and Union spy during the Civil War and rescued over 300 slaves using the Underground Railroad, a network of secret routes and safe houses that aided runaway slaves. She also fought for women s suffrage after the end of the Civil War.

Early life

She worked as a slave for James Cook, checking muskrat traps in the marshes.


She helped John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry in 1859. Her exact date of birth is unknown and there are varying accounts of when she was born. Historians have tabbed her birth year as 1822 based on records, but her death certificate lists 1815 and her gravestone reads 1820. 

Family of Harriet Tubman

She married a free man named John Tubman in 1844, and they adopted a daughter named Gertie in 1874.

Close associates of Harriet Tubman

Frederick Douglas worked with her to help slaves. They both doubted abolitionist John Brown s plan to overthrow the slave system with violence.

Irene Khan

About Irene Khan

British Bangladeshi human rights activist who was the 7th Secretary General of Amnesty International and editor of The Daily Star.

Early life

She helped create the Concern Universal in 1977, which is an emergency relief organization.


She was the subject of controversy after it was revealed that she had received £533,103 from Amnesty International following her resignation, which was almost four times her annual salary.

Family of Irene Khan

Her uncle, Mahbub Ali Khan, was the chief of the Bangladesh Navy.

Close associates of Irene Khan

Amnesty International, of which she was Secretary General, has come out in opposition to political figures like Rwandan President Paul Kagame.

Daisy Bates

About Daisy Bates

A Civil Rights activist and writer known for her part in the Little Rock Integration Crisis of 1957, in which she guided the nine students, known as the Little Rock Nine, who had enrolled in a previously all-white school.

Early life

She married L.C. Bates, her father s best friend, because her mother was sexually assaulted and murdered by white men and so she was left with him after her father left.


She owned a newspaper called the Arkansas State Press and her memoir The Long Shadow of Little Rock won the National Book Award in 1988.

Family of Daisy Bates

She married L.C. Bates in 1942.

Close associates of Daisy Bates

She was greatly involved with the Little Rock Crisis when President Dwight Eisenhower stepped in and federalized the Arkansas National Guard.

Jane Addams

About Jane Addams

Social worker and leader of the women s suffrage movement who co-received of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 for the founding of the Hull House settlement, to help the poor, in Chicago.

Early life

Growing up with an unformed desire for reform, she got her inspiration visiting a social settlement house in the East end of London.


Where previous welfare agencies offered specific services, her Hull Houser sponsored neighborhood facilities like a vocational club, a day care center, and a gymnasium.

Family of Jane Addams

She was born in Cedarville, Illinois.

Close associates of Jane Addams

Through discussions with philosopher John Dewey, they came up with a new model for democracy, centered on personal civic duty rather than rights.