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Emmy Noether

About Emmy Noether

Contributed to theoretical physics by revolutionizing algebra, ring, and field theories. Norbert Wiener and other mathematicians called her the most important female figure in the history of mathematics.

Early life

She studied math at the University of Erlangen and wrote her dissertation in 1907.


She was not permitted to teach math at the University of Gottingen.

Family of Emmy Noether

Her father was Jewish mathematician Max Noether.

Close associates of Emmy Noether

Albert Einstein also called her the most important woman in the history of math.

Emilie Duchatelet

About Emilie Duchatelet

French mathematician and physicist who is best known for her translation of Issac Newton s Principia Mathematica.

Early life

She was formally educated and was considered a mathematical prodigy at a young age.


She published a scientific paper on heat and light in 1737.

Family of Emilie Duchatelet

She married Marquis Florent-Claude du Chastellet-Lomont on June 12, 1725 when she was 18, and they had three children together.

Close associates of Emilie Duchatelet

She had a close relationship with Candide author Voltaire.

Evelyn Boyd Granville

About Evelyn Boyd Granville

Known for her work for IBM and the United States Space Technology Laboratories, she was among the first women of African heritage to earn a mathematics Ph.D. from an American university.

Early life

After graduating from Washington D.C. s Dunbar High school as class valedictorian, she received a Bachelor of Science degree from Smith College in Massachusetts. She later earned her Ph.D. in mathematics from Yale University.


A professor as well as a computer programmer and mathematician, she taught at Fisk University, California State University, Los Angeles, and the University of Texas at Tyler.

Family of Evelyn Boyd Granville

She was raised in Washington, D.C. by her aunt and mother.

Close associates of Evelyn Boyd Granville

She was a contemporary of Hungarian mathematician Imre Lakatos.

Brook Taylor

About Brook Taylor

English mathematician chiefly responsible for the creation of the calculus tools Taylor s theorem and Taylor series. His work would later be described by Joseph-Louis Lagrange as “the main foundation of differential calculus.”

Early life

He attended St. John s College, Cambridge where he was mentored by John Machin and John Keill.


He was elected to the Royal Society in 1712 and later acted as their secretary between 1714 and 1718.

Family of Brook Taylor

He was born in Edmonton, England. He married Miss Brydges of Wallington, Surrey in 1721, but she and his son died upon his birth. He remarried to Sabetta Sawbridge who also died in childbirth with his daughter Elizabeth. He died at only 46 in November 1731.

Close associates of Brook Taylor

He sat on the committee at the Royal Society during the adjudicating of Sir Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz.

Cecile Dewitt-Morette

About Cecile Dewitt-Morette

Mathematician and physicist who founded a summer school at Les Houches in the French Alps. She was awarded the American Society of the French Legion of Honor Medal in 2007. 

Early life

She studied math at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey.


She became a trustee in 1953 of the Gravity Research Foundation.

Family of Cecile Dewitt-Morette

She had four children with her physicist husband Bryce DeWitt. 

Close associates of Cecile Dewitt-Morette

She was influenced by Albert Einstein. 

Dorothy Vaughan

About Dorothy Vaughan

Mathematician most well known for her work with the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, the predecessor to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. She would become the first African-American woman to be head of personnel at the NACA.

Early life

She was working as a mathematics teacher at R.R. Moton High School when Executive Orders 8802 and 9346 were passed, allowing her to be hired to the NACA.


She was assigned to West Area Computers upon joining NACA, a spanision segregated due to the Virginia Jim Crow laws. Despite this, she was made acting head of the spanision in 1949, though she didn t receive the official title for many years thereafter.

Family of Dorothy Vaughan

She and her husband Howard had six children together. One of her four children would eventually go on to work at NASA.

Close associates of Dorothy Vaughan

In 2016, the film Hidden Figures documented her career at NASA. She was depicted by actress Octavia Spencer.