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Elizabeth II













































About Elizabeth II

Became the constitutional monarch of 16 countries and the Supreme Governor of the Church of England after her coronation in 1953. She became the longest reigning monarch in British history.


Early life

She made frequent visits to see her grandfather, George V, when he was sick in the hospital and was credited with helping him recover.


Trivia

Helen Mirren won an academy award in 2007 for portraying her in the film The Queen.


Family of Elizabeth II

She is the mother of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, Anne, Princess Royal, Prince Edward and Charles, Prince of Wales and is the former mother-in-law of Princess Diana.  She married Prince Philip in 1947.


Close associates of Elizabeth II

She visited Washington D.C. and President Harry S. Truman in 1951.





















Catherine De Medici













































About Catherine De Medici

Born into the Italian aristocracy, she became Queen Consort of France upon the 1547 coronation of her husband, Henry II. A well-known patron of the arts and architecture, she commissioned the construction of the Tuileries Palace in Paris.


Early life

The Florence-born daughter of members of the wealthy and influential Medici family, she was forced to live in a convent for several years of her childhood after her family members were removed from power in 1527.


Trivia

As a result of both her influence on her ruling sons and her seemingly cold-hearted policies toward the Huguenots, she received some blame for the 1572 St. Bartholomew s Day Massacre.


Family of Catherine De Medici

Her marriage to Henry II produced five sons and five daughters. Her three oldest sons — Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III — all became Kings of France, and her daughters Elisabeth and Margaret served as Queens of Spain and France, respectively.


Close associates of Catherine De Medici

She was the daughter of Lorenzo de Medici, the one-time Duke of Urbino and ruler of Florence, Italy.





















Marie Antoinette













































About Marie Antoinette

French Queen from 1774 to 1792 and wife of Louis XVI who was executed by guillotine after being found guilty of treason by the Revolutionary Tribunal. Her lavish lifestyle was often blamed by the French for their financial crisis and she was used as a scapegoat for much of France s problems. 


Early life

She had an eclectic and carefree childhood; interacting with common children yet surrounded by opulence.


Trivia

The phrase “Let them eat cake” is often attributed to Marie Antoinette, but there is no evidence she ever uttered it.


Family of Marie Antoinette

Her parents were Holy Roman Emperor Francis I and Empress Maria Theresa.


Close associates of Marie Antoinette

Kirsten Dunst played her in the contemporary movie Marie Antoinette.





















Queen Sofia













































About Queen Sofia

The wife of Juan Carlos I King of Spain and the mother of King Felipe VI of Spain, Queen Sofia of Spain was born Princess Sophia Margarita Victoria Frederika of Greece and Denmark.


Early life

She spent her childhood in Greece, Egypt, South Africa, and Germany, and later attended Cambridge University s Fitzwilliam College in England.


Trivia

She participated in the 1960 Olympic Games as a reserve member of Greece s champion sailing team.


Family of Queen Sofia

Born to Frederica of Hanover and King Paul of Greece, she grew up with younger siblings named Princess Irene and Prince (later King) Constantine II. Her marriage to Juan Carlos of Spain began in 1962 and produced three children, including Duchesses Elena and Cristina.


Close associates of Queen Sofia

She is the grandmother of Princess Leonor of Spain.





















Queen Beatrix













































About Queen Beatrix

Born with the titles of Princess Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard of the Netherlands, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld, and Princess of Orange-Nassau, she became Queen of the Netherlands in 1980 and reigned until 2013.


Early life

In her early adulthood, she studied law, economics, and sociology at Leiden University.


Trivia

During a 2009 parade, she and her family members became the targets of an attack that killed seven bystanders.


Family of Queen Beatrix

Her marriage to German-born diplomat Claus von Amsberg began in 1966 and resulted in three children: Princes Johan Friso and Constantijn and the future King Willem-Alexander.


Close associates of Queen Beatrix

Her mother, Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, ruled from 1948 until 1980.





















Catherine Of Aragon













































About Catherine Of Aragon

Best remembered as the first bride of King Henry VIII, she held the title of Queen of England from 1509 until the 1533 annulment of her marriage to the king. She and Henry became parents to three sons and two daughters who died as infants and to a sole surviving daughter, Mary I (“Bloody Mary”), who later ruled England. 


Early life

She and Henry VIII were crowned at Westminster Abbey in June of 1509.


Trivia

She protested Henry s infatuation with her lady-in-waiting, Anne Boleyn, and viewed herself as her husband s only legitimate wife.


Family of Catherine Of Aragon

Born in Madrid, Spain, to King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile, she had an early, arranged marriage to Prince Arthur. In 1509, nearly a decade after Arthur s death, she wed Henry VIII.


Close associates of Catherine Of Aragon

Following the annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon, Henry VIII married Anne Boleyn (later beheaded), followed by Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr.