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About Francis Bellamy

Best remembered as the author of the United States’ Pledge of Allegiance, Bellamy also worked as a minister and allied himself with the nineteenth-century Christian socialist movement.

Early life

He earned a theology degree from New York’s University of Rochester.


He launched an unsuccessful New York gubernatorial campaign.

Family of Francis Bellamy

He grew up in Rome, New York as the son of a Baptist minister. In the early 1880s, he married his first wife, Harriet Benton; the union produced sons named David and John (following Benton’s death, Bellamy wed Marie Morin).

Close associates of Francis Bellamy

He and fellow writer John Ruskin were both Christian socialists of the late 19th Century.

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