The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) was developed by Katherine Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers in the 1940s. The mother-daughter duo was inspired by the work of Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung, who wrote about psychological types in his book “Psychological Types,” published in 1921.
The Briggs and Myers began developing the MBTI after Isabel took a class on Jung’s theory of psychological types and became fascinated by the idea that there were different ways of perceiving the world. They began using the theory to help women who were returning to the workforce after World War II. They created the Indicator as a way to help people understand their own strengths and how they interacted with others.
The first version of the MBTI was published in 1943, and it was called the Briggs-Myers Type Indicator. The assessment has undergone several revisions since then, and it is now in its fourth edition (MBTI® Step I™ and Step II™).
The MBTI is one of the most widely used personality assessments in the world, with more than 2 million people taking the assessment each year. It is used in a variety of settings, including education, business, and counseling. It is not a measure of intelligence or ability, but rather a measure of personality preferences. Additionally, while the MBTI can provide valuable insights, it should not be used to label or stereotype individuals. It’s important to use it as a tool for self-discovery and self-improvement.
However, it is important to note that the MBTI has been criticized for its lack of scientific evidence and reliability. While it is widely used, it is not a substitute for professional advice, assessment, or diagnosis.