Ludacris |

Ludacris |

Net Worth: $25 million – 2018

Quotes:

I’m just basically spillin’ out my emotions to the world. ‘Cause rap is about emotion. And I want you to feel what I’m feelin’, ’cause that’s what it’s all about.

Live Interview Videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XmNFaB0E3jg

Bio & Career stats:

Ludacris
Ludacris 2008.jpg

Ludacris at the premiere of Max Payne, 2008
Born Christopher Brian Bridges
September 11, 1977(age 41)
Champaign, Illinois, US
Residence Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
Nationality American
Occupation
  • Rapper
  • actor
  • songwriter
  • entrepreneur
  • philanthropist
  • record producer
Years active 1998–present
Spouse(s)
Eudoxie Mbouguiengue (m. 2014)
Children 3
Relatives Richard Pryor (cousin)
Awards List of awards and nominations
Musical career
Genres Hip hop
Instruments Vocals
Labels
  • Disturbing tha Peace
  • Def Jam
  • Def Jam South
Associated acts
  • 2 Chainz
  • Big K.R.I.T.
  • Bobby V
  • Ciara
  • Jeremih
  • Lil Jon
  • Monica
  • Usher
Website ludaversal.com

Christopher Brian Bridges (born September 11, 1977),[1] known professionally as Ludacris (/ˈldəkrɪs/), is an American rapper and actor. Ludacris is the founder of Disturbing tha Peace. Ludacris has won Screen Actors Guild, Critic’s Choice, MTV, and Grammy Awards. Along with fellow Atlanta-based rappers Big Boi and André 3000 of OutKast, Ludacris was one of the first and most influential “Dirty South” rappers to achieve mainstream success during the early 2000s. In 2014, Ludacris was featured in Forbes list titled “Hip-Hop Cash Kings”, as he earned $8 million.[2]

Born in Champaign, Illinois, Ludacris moved to Atlanta at age nine, where he began rapping. After a brief stint as a DJ, he released his first album Incognegro in 1999, followed by Back for the First Time also in 2000, which contained the singles “Southern Hospitality” and “What’s Your Fantasy”. In 2001, he released Word of Mouf, followed by Chicken-n-Beer in 2003 and The Red Light District in 2004. He took a more serious approach with his next two albums, Release Therapy (2006), and Theater of the Mind (2008). His next record, Battle of the Sexes, was released in 2010 and featured the tone of his previous albums. Ludaversal was released on March 31, 2015. As an actor, he has appeared in films including Crash (2004), Gamer (2009), and New Year’s Eve (2011). He is best known for playing Tej Parker in The Fast and the Furious film series.

Contents

 

  • 1Early life
  • 2Music career
    • 2.11998–2000: Incognegro and Back for the First Time
    • 2.22001–2003: Word of Mouf and Chicken-n-Beer
    • 2.32004–2007: The Red Light District and Release Therapy
    • 2.42008–2010: Theater of the Mind and Battle of the Sexes
    • 2.52012–2015: Ludaversal
    • 2.62017–present: Upcoming tenth studio album/Super Bowl LII/2018 Winter Oplymics Game/Cry Pretty (Album)
  • 3Personal life
  • 4Business ventures
  • 5Philanthropy
  • 6Controversy
    • 6.1T.I.
    • 6.2Bill O’Reilly and Pepsi
    • 6.32008 presidential election
  • 7Discography
  • 8Filmography
  • 9See also
  • 10References
  • 11External links

Early life

Christopher Brian Bridges was born in Champaign, Illinois, the only child of Roberta Shields and Wayne Brian Bridges. He later moved to the Chicago area, where he attended Emerson Middle School in Oak Park and Oak Park & River Forest High School for one year.[3][4] He then moved to Centreville, Virginia and attended Centreville High School for one year.[5] He attended Banneker High School in Atlanta, Georgia and graduated in 1995.[1] From 1998 to 1999, he studied music management at Georgia State University.[6] Bridges is of African American, English, and Native American ancestry.[7][8][9] He is a distant cousin of late comedian Richard Pryor.[10] Bridges wrote his first rap song at age nine when moving to Atlanta, and joined an amateur rap group three years later.[11]

Music career

1998–2000: Incognegro and Back for the First Time

Bridges served as an intern and then a DJ at Atlanta’s Hot 97.5 (now Hot 107.9) under the name “Chris Lova Lova”.[12] He was also known for DJ’ing during Freaknik at one point. Ludacris collaborated with Timbaland on the track “Phat Rabbit” from his album Tim’s Bio: Life from da Bassment. This song was a hit in many countries. In Ludacris’ early music career he collaborated with Dallas Austin and Jermaine Dupri.

In 1998, Ludacris began to record his debut album “Incognegro”. This album was the defining example of Ludacris’ fast, wild, and comedic flow, a unique style for southern rappers. Timbaland handled part of the production. Despite its poor sales, it was never deleted and is still sold today. Ludacris also appeared on Timbaland’s 1998 debut on “Phat Rabbit,” a track that would later be used on his re-issue of “Incognegro” called “Back for the First Time”. In 2000, Ludacris released his major label debut, Back for the First Time. The album reached number four on the U.S. Billboard 200, and was a major success. Ludacris made his mark on the industry with singles such as “Southern Hospitality” and “What’s Your Fantasy”, along with his first ever single the “Phat Rabbit”, from two years prior. Guest appearances included 4-Ize, I-20, Shawnna, Pastor Troy, Timbaland, Trina, Foxy Brown, UGK, and others. Ludacris stated in an interview on MTV’s hip hop program Direct Effect that he came up with his stage name based on his “split personality” that he considered “ridiculous” and “ludicrous”.[13]

2001–2003: Word of Mouf and Chicken-n-Beer

Ludacris promptly completed his next album, Word of Mouf and released it at the end of 2001. The video for the lead single, “Rollout (My Business)”, was nominated for a 2002 Grammy Award, and Ludacris performed it live at the awards’ pre-show. He released singles “Saturday (Oooh Oooh)” with Sleepy Brown, “Move Bitch” with Mystikal and I-20, and “Area Codes” with Nate Dogg.

During the spring of 2003, Ludacris returned to the music scene after a brief hiatus with a new single, “Act a Fool”, from the 2 Fast 2 Furious soundtrack. At around the same time, he released the lead single from his album Chicken-n-Beer, called “P-Poppin” (short for “Pussy Poppin'”). Neither of his new singles were as well received by either the urban or pop audiences as his previous songs had been, and both music videos received only limited airplay. Chicken-N-Beer opened strongly, but without a popular single, the album fell quickly. Guest appearances include Playaz Circle, Chingy, Snoop Dogg, 8Ball & MJG, Lil’ Flip, I-20, Lil Fate, and Shawnna.

In the fall of 2003, Ludacris rebounded with his next single, “Stand Up”, which appeared on both Chicken-n-Beer as well as the soundtrack for the teen hip hop/dance movie, You Got Served. Produced by Kanye West, “Stand Up” went on to become one of Ludacris’ biggest mainstream hits to date, hitting the top spot on the Billboard Hot 100 garnering heavy airplay on mainstream pop, rhythmic, and urban radio stations, as well as on MTV, MTV2, and BET. Ludacris was sued by a New Jersey group called I.O.F. who claimed that “Stand Up” used a hook from one of their songs, but in June 2006, a jury found that the song did not violate copyrights. “I hope the plaintiffs enjoyed their 15 minutes of fame,” Ludacris said after the verdict.[14]

The album’s next single, “Splash Waterfalls”, was released in early 2004. A huge pop hit (despite its steamy video and explicit, adult-oriented lyrical content and themes), it subsequently became a success at urban radio and BET, and is the only time he has produced two consecutive top 10 singles from a solo album,[citation needed] except for Release Therapy (an unedited version of the video could only be viewed on BET’s Uncut program). It was Ludacris’ most sexual video yet, an R&B remix that featured Raphael Saadiq and sampled Tony! Toni! Tone!’s “Whatever You Want”. Ludacris received his first Grammy Award with Usher and Lil Jon for their hit single “Yeah!”. Ludacris next released “Blow It Out”, which was accompanied by a low-budget music video.

2004–2007: The Red Light District and Release Therapy

Ludacris during a 2011 New Year’s Day concert in a Miami Beach nightclub

Ludacris took a more mature approach to his fourth album, The Red Light District. Sohail Khalid helped produce this album with various artists such as T.I., Lil Flip and Bun B. Ludacris openly boasted that he may be the only rapper able to keep the Def Jam label afloat on the opening track. Ludacris filmed and recorded the single “Get Back” in which he was featured as a muscle-bound hulk who was being annoyed by the media and warned critics to leave him alone. He first appeared on Saturday Night Live as a special guest performing with musical guest Sum 41 on a season 30 episode hosted by Paul Giamatti. He then recorded “Get Back” with Sum 41 to make a rock crossover single. The follow-up single was the Austin Powers-inspired “Number One Spot”. It was produced by New York City’s Hot 97 personality DJ Green Lantern. It used the Quincy Jones sample of “Soul Bossa Nova” and sped it up to the tempo of Ludacris’ rap flow. Featured artists on the album include Nas, DJ Quik, DMX, Trick Daddy, Sleepy Brown and Disturbing tha Peace newcomers Bobby Valentino, Dolla Boi and Small World. The album debuted at number one on the Billboard charts.

In an issue of XXL, Ludacris was placed in the number nine spot for the most anticipated albums of 2006, for Release Therapy. The album Release Therapy was released on September 26, 2006. Ludacris formatted the CD to have two sides: a Release side and a Therapy side on a single CD. Guest appearances include Pharrell Williams, R. Kelly, Young Jeezy, Mary J. Blige, Field Mob, Bobby Valentino, Pimp C, C-Murder and Beanie Sigel. The first single, “Money Maker”, which features Williams, was released to U.S. radio outlets on July 17, 2006.[15] “Money Maker” reached number one on the BET program 106 & Park. It then went to become the rapper’s second number-one single after 6 years[citation needed]. His second single, “Grew Up a Screw Up”, featuring Young Jeezy, dispels rumors that the two are or ever were in a dispute. His third single, “Runaway Love”, soon peaked at number one on the U.S. Billboard Hot Rap Tracks and won Best Collaboration in the 2007 BET Awards. Release Therapy won the Best Rap Album award at the 2007 Grammy Awards. His album then reached number one on the Billboard 200 album charts with sales of 309,000 in its first week. With the release of this album, Ludacris marked a change in style in his career with his musical style. The new album itself features a departure of the lighthearted mood of his previous albums, and introduces a darker side. A change of hair accompanied this as he cut off his trademark braids for a more conventional “fade” cut. To promote the album, Ludacris returned to Saturday Night Live (as both host and musical guest) on November 18, 2006.

2008–2010: Theater of the Mind and Battle of the Sexes

The Preview, a mixtape to preview the album was released on July 28, 2008. Theater of the Mind, released on November 24, 2008 and in April 2008, the single “Let’s Stay Together” appeared on xxlmag.com; supposedly from the new album (“Let’s Stay Together” was expected to but was released as a bonus track on the CD). A song with Small World called “Pinky Shinin” was expected to be on the album, but it was dropped. In an interview with Complex Magazine he stated that Chris Brown, Lil Wayne, Rick Ross, T.I., Plies, Common, T-Pain, Jay-Z, Nas and The Game will be on the album; Game is featured in a track with Willy Northpole titled “Call Up the Homies”. T.I. was on the album on a track called “Wish You Would” squashing the long feud between them. The album debuted at number five on the Billboard 200 with 213,493 sold first week. The album was released the same day as Kanye West’s 808s & Heartbreak, which took the number-one spot.[16] His first single “What Them Girls Like”, featuring Chris Brown and Sean Garrett, peaked at number 33 on the Billboard 100. His second single, “One More Drink”, featuring T-Pain, peaked at number 24 on the Billboard 100. The third official single is “Nasty Girl”, featuring Plies. He confirmed a “sequel” titled Ludaversal[17] due to be released September 11, 2012.[18]

Ludacris’ eighth studio album was released on March 9, 2010, with his first promotional single for the album being “Everybody Drunk” which features Callum Smith, originally featuring Shawnna. The first concept idea of the album was to have Ludacris and Shawnna battle it out on the album back–to–back, but this was later axed upon Shawnna’s departure from Disturbing tha Peace, ending her contract on Ludacris’ label and joining T-Pain’s Nappy Boy Entertainment label. The first official single released from Battle of the Sexes was “How Low”, which was released on December 8, 2009. The follow–up single was “My Chick Bad”, released on February 23, 2010. The third single is “Sex Room”, peaking at number 69 on the Billboard 100. Ludacris’s Battle of the Sexes entered the chart at number one, with 137,000 sales in the first week. The album is currently certified gold.[19]

2012–2015: Ludaversal

Throughout 2012, Ludacris released 3 singles “Stairway To Heaven “, Representin and Rest of My Life, all of which were scrapped after the songs underperformed and the recording process for his upcoming album Ludaversal stalled.

On May 24, 2013, Ludacris released a mixtape entitled #IDGAF. He had been releasing a new song on Fridays as he is calling these releases IDGAF Fridays. These songs, in order of release, were “Raised in the South” featuring rapper Young Jeezy, released on April 19. That release was followed by “If I Ain’t Fucked Up” on April 26, “9 Times Out of 10” featuring rappers French Montana & Que on May 3, “Speak into The Mic” on May 10, and “I Don’t Give A Fuck” on May 17. The last song was released a week before the release of the mixtape. The mixtape had almost 60,000 downloads via datpiff.com within the first day. Ludacris reprised his role as Tej in the blockbuster movie Fast & Furious 6, which opened during Memorial Day Weekend, May 2013. Ludacris had this to say about his upcoming new album: “I think every album is like a progression, I’m working with different producers. Usher, We definitely have this album which is a great thing. Ne-Yo is also on the album and I have producers like David Guetta, we have Stargate, have trainees. [The] Kelly Rowland single just came out that you need to check out. It’s called ‘Representing'”.[20]

On August 3, 2013, Ludacris confirmed to VIBE.com he will be working with Anita Baker. “I don’t know if the cat’s out the bag. Yeah, Anita Baker is definitely on the album,” admitted Luda. “She’s on that particular song. [It] is really about my father and growing up and me being a kid and trying to get him to stop and me dealing with that.”[21]

After a lengthy hiatus, Ludacris returned to the music on January 30, 2014, with the release of a single “Party Girls” featuring Jeremih, Wiz Khalifa and Cashmere Cat. The song takes a cue from Aqua’s 1997 song “Barbie Girl”, however, the single did not appear on the new album.[22] On October 9, 2014, Ludacris announced that Ludaversal would be released on March 31, 2015; which will be preceded by an EP titled Burning Bridges due for release on December 16, 2014.[23][24] On October 31, 2014 Ludacris premiered the first single from the “Burning Bridges” EP titled “Good Lovin'” featuring American singer Miguel.[25]

Due to its moderate success, “Good Lovin” would go on to serve as the first single from Ludaversal. On March 3, 2015 Ludacris held a listening party for Ludaversal with Def Jam. The tracks “Intro”, “Not For Long” featuring Usher and “Come N See Me” featuring Big K.R.I.T. were revealed to the public[26] After 3 years worth of delays, Ludaversal was released March 31, 2015 to generally positive reviews and debuted at number three on the Billboard 200.

2017–present: Upcoming tenth studio album/Super Bowl LII/2018 Winter Oplymics Game/Cry Pretty (Album)

In March 2017, Ludacris confirmed that he was working on his tenth studio album in an interview with Complex magazine.[27] On March 31, 2017, Ludacris released a new single called “Vitamin D” featuring Ty Dolla Sign.[28]

In 2017, Ludacris will hosted YouTube’s Best.Cover.Ever show.[29]

In 2018, he was featured on country singer Carrie Underwood’s single “The Champion”. The song peaked at number 47 on the Billboard Hot 100 and was the opening song for Super Bowl LII and 2018 Winter Olympics and Cry Pretty. on May 8, 2018 Ludacris received three nominations and one win for the 2018 CMT Music Awards.[30]

Personal life

Ludacris has a daughter named Karma Bridges (born August 2001) from a relationship with an attorney from Atlanta.[31][better source needed] Since 2009 he has been dating model Eudoxie Mbouguiengue.[32] He has a daughter, Cai Bella Bridges (born December 2013), with Tamika Fuller, a longtime friend.[33][34] In Costa Rica on December 26, 2014,[35]Ludacris became engaged to Mbouguiengue,[36][35] and the two married later that same day.[37][38] In early June 2015, Eudoxie announced that the couple had welcomed a baby girl.[39]

Business ventures

Heel window of the Clyde x Luda Puma Clyde sneaker showing the Disturbing tha Peace logo

Ludacris is the founder of his own record label, Disturbing tha Peace, an imprint distributed by Def Jam Recordings. He is the co-owner of Conjure Cognac liquor. In 2011 Ludacris released his own line of headphones called “Soul By Ludacris” manufactured by Soul Electronics.[40]He also has various real estate holdings.[41]

In 2006, Ludacris appeared in a television and print advertising campaign for Puma, which released 3 limited edition models of a “Clyde x Luda” Puma Clyde sneaker, with Ludacris’ image on the heel of the insole and “DTP” (for Disturbing tha Peace) on the heel window.

In November 2016, Ludacris opened up a restaurant named “Chicken N Beer” at the Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport in Atlanta.[42]

Philanthropy

In 2011, Ludacris joined a joint effort between Do Something and Better World Books to collect books to help restock library shelves in New Orleans. He filmed a public service announcement in support of the Epic Book Drive.[43]

Chris “Ludacris” Bridges also started the Ludacris Foundation at the beginning of his music career in 2002. The aim of the foundation is to inspire the youth through education, memorable experiences and helping the youth help themselves. The focus is what Ludacris calls the “3Ls”: Leadership and Education, Living Healthy Lifestyles, and LudaCares.[44]

Controversy

T.I.

Tensions began when T.I. saw Disturbing tha Peace rapper I-20’s video in which a man wearing a shirt with the words “Trap House,”[citation needed] was being beaten. T.I. believed the man’s shirt actually said “Trap Muzik,” perhaps interpreting this to be a reference to his album of the same name. Later, G-Unit artist Young Buck asked these two fellow Southern rappers to appear on his new record on the track “Stomp”. T.I. recorded a verse which contained a line that Young Buck considered to be an insult towards Ludacris, “Me gettin’ beat down?/That’s ludicrous”. Young Buck spoke to Ludacris about his interpretation of the event. Ludacris then later recorded a verse that can be found on the album, “Straight Outta Cashville”.[45] T.I’s record company wanted Ludacris to change his verse before they sanctioned it but Ludacris refused and T.I. was therefore replaced by Game on the album version.

On June 24, 2007, at the Sunset Tower Hotel in West Hollywood, California, T.I. was involved in a physical altercation. During a luncheon held by Kevin Liles of Warner Music Group (parent company of T.I.’s label, Atlantic Records), the MC got into a fight with Ludacris’ manager Chaka Zulu. According to witnesses, T.I. punched Zulu in the face and choked him and a small, brief melee ensued.[46]

T.I. was awarded honors for Best Hip-Hop Artist at the BET Awards, and took the opportunity to apologize for his scuffle with Disturbing tha Peace executive Chaka Zulu earlier in the week. While accepting his award, he expressed regret over the situation. “They say it’s a fine line between brilliance and insanity,” he said, in an apparent reference to his troublesome alter ego, T.I.P. During the broadcast, cameras showed his onetime rival Ludacris smiling in the audience.

The two rappers have resolved their disagreement and have collaborated on four songs: “Wish You Would” off Ludacris’s sixth studio album, Theater of the Mind, “On Top of the World” off T.I.’s sixth studio album, Paper Trail and “We in This Bitch” off DJ Drama’s album, Quality Street Music. The original version of the latter had Kanye West. The two have also collaborated on Big Boi’s song called “In The A,” released on the 2012 album Vicious Lies and Dangerous Rumors.

Bill O’Reilly and Pepsi

On August 27, 2002, political pundit Bill O’Reilly called for all Americans to boycott Pepsi products.[47] The next day, O’Reilly reported that Pepsi had fired Ludacris.[47] Six months later, Russell Simmons and his hip hop action summit threatened a boycott of all PepsiCo products on the grounds that Pepsi had subsequently hired Ozzy Osbourne for a commercial even though Osbourne is notable for use of profanity and explicit lyrics. Eventually an agreement was reached which resulted in PepsiCo donating $3 million to Ludacris’ foundation and other inner city charities.[48]

This is referenced in the 2003 songs “Hoes in My Room” as well as “Blow It Out” from Chicken n’Beer. Three years later, this would be referenced again in the song “Number One Spot”. During a summer 2003 appearance on MTV’s The New Tom Green Show, Ludacris and host Tom Green launched copies of Bill O’Reilly–authored books into a dumpster using a homemade catapult. In an interview with RadarOnline.com in 2010, Ludacris stated that he and O’Reilly had made amends after having a conversation at a charity event.[49]

2008 presidential election

The song “Politics as Usual” from Ludacris’ mixtape The Preview has stirred controversy due to lyrics in the song criticizing Jesse Jackson; “Now Jesse talkin’ slick and apologizin’ for what? If you said it then you meant it” (in reference to Jackson stating that he would “like to cut Obama’s nuts off”); John McCain “McCain don’t belong in any chair unless he’s paralyzed”; President George W. Bush “Yeah I said it, ‘cuz Bush is mentally handicapped/Ball up all of his speeches and throw ’em just like candy wraps/’Cuz what you talkin’ I hear nothin’ even relevant/you the worst of all 43 presidents”; Hillary Clinton “Hillary hated on you, so that bitch is irrelevant”, in reference to Hillary’s campaign comments against Obama.[50]

Tags: actor, amerian, Career Stats, ESTP, Interview Videos, Ludacris - MBTI Personality Type with Tactics, News and Net worth, rapper
Queen Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth II

Quotes:

Grief is the price we pay for love.
The upward course of a nation’s history is due in the long run to the soundness of heart of its average men and women.
It’s all to do with the training: you can do a lot if you’re properly trained

 

 

Bio & Career stats:

Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain is the longest-reigning monarch in British history. She celebrated 65 years on the throne in February 2017 with her Sapphire Jubilee.

Who Is Queen Elizabeth II?

Queen Elizabeth II was born Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary on April 21, 1926, in London, to Prince Albert, Duke of York (later known as King George VI), and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. She married Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, in 1947, became queen on February 6, 1952, and was crowned on June 2, 1953. She is the mother of Prince Charles, heir to the throne, as well as the grandmother of princes William and Harry. As the longest-serving monarch in British history, she has tried to make her reign more modern and sensitive to a changing public while maintaining traditions associated with the crown.

Queen Elizabeth II’s Health

At the end of 2016, concerns about the Queen’s health grew. The Queen was reported to have a “heavy cold” and missed several traditional holiday events, including Christmas and New Year’s services. “The Queen does not yet feel ready to attend church as she is still recuperating from a heavy cold,” the palace said in a statement. She made her first public appearance in January 2017 since taking ill. At that time it was also announced that she would be cutting the number of charities of which she is a patron in an effort to reduce her work obligations.

Queen Elizabeth II’s Husband

Queen Elizabeth married Philip Mountbatten (a surname adopted from his mother’s side) in the autumn of 1947. Elizabeth first met Philip, son of Prince Andrew of Greece, when she was only 13. She was smitten with him from the start. Distant cousins, the two kept in touch over the years and eventually fell in love. They made an unusual pair. Elizabeth was quiet and reserved while Philip was boisterous and outspoken. Her father, King George VI, was hesitant about the match because, while Mountbatten had ties to both the Danish and Greek royal families, he didn’t possess great wealth and was considered by some a bit rough in his personality.

At the time of their wedding, Great Britain was still recovering from the ravages of WWII, and Elizabeth collected clothing coupons to get fabric for her gown. The ceremony was held at London’s Westminster Abbey on November 20th. The family took on the name Windsor, a move pushed by her mother and Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and which caused tension with her husband. Over the years, Philip has inspired numerous public relations headaches with his off-the-cuff, edgy comments and rumors of possible infidelities.

Children and Grandchildren

Elizabeth and Philip wasted no time in producing an heir: Son Charles was born in 1948, the year after their wedding, and daughter Anne arrived in 1950. Elizabeth had two more children — sons Andrew and Edward — in 1960 and 1964 respectively. In 1969, she officially made Prince Charles her successor by granting him the title of Prince of Wales. Hundreds of millions of people tuned in to see the ceremony on television.

In 1981 Prince Charles wed 19-year-old Diana Spencer (best known as Princess Diana), with later rumors surfacing that he was pressured into the marriage from his family. The wedding drew enormous crowds in the streets of London and millions watched the proceedings on television. Public opinion of the monarchy was especially strong at that time. The couple gave birth to Queen Elizabeth’s grandsons Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and successor to the throne, in 1982, and Prince Harry in 1984. Elizabeth has emerged as a devoted grandmother to William and Harry. Prince William has said that she offered invaluable support and guidance as he and Kate Middleton planned their 2011 wedding.

On July 22, 2013, Queen Elizabeth II’s grandson William and his wife Kate, the Duchess of Cambridge, welcomed their first child, George Alexander Louis — a successor to the throne known officially as “His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge.” Elizabeth visited her new great-grandson after William and Kate returned home to Kensington Palace from the hospital. Two years later, on May 2, 2015, William and Kate welcomed their second child, Princess Charlotte, the Queen’s fifth great-grandchild. On April 23, 2018, the couple welcomed their third child, a son.

In addition to Prince William and Prince Harry, the Queen’s other grandchildren are Peter Phillips, Princess Beatrice of York, Princess Eugenie of York, Zara Tindall, Lady Louise Windsor and James, Viscount Severn.

Queen Elizabeth II’s Coronation

On February 6, 1952, Elizabeth’s father, King George VI, died, and she assumed the responsibilities of the ruling monarch. (She and Prince Philip had been in Kenya at the time of her father’s death.) Queen Elizabeth’s official coronation took place on June 2, 1953, in Westminster Abbey. For the first time ever, the ceremony was broadcast on television, allowing people from across the globe to witness the pomp and spectacle of the event.

Family Tree

Queen Elizabeth II’s father, Prince Albert, was the second son of King George V and Queen Mary. She has ties with most of the monarchs in Europe. Her ancestors include Queen Victoria (ruled 1837 to 1901) and King George III (ruled 1760 to 1820).

In 1936, the course of Elizabeth’s life changed with the death of her grandfather, George V, with whom she was said to be close. Her uncle became King Edward VIII, but he was in love with American divorcée Wallis Simpson and had to choose between the crown and his heart. In the end, Edward chose Simpson and abdicated the crown. Elizabeth’s father became King George VI in 1937.

Queen Elizabeth As a Child

Queen Elizabeth II was born Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary on April 21, 1926, in London, England. At the time of her birth, most did not realize Elizabeth would someday become queen of Great Britain. Elizabeth got to enjoy the first decade of her life with all the privileges of being a royal without the pressures of being the heir apparent.

Elizabeth’s father and mother, also known as the Duke and Duchess of York, divided their time between a home in London and Royal Lodge, the family’s home on the grounds of Windsor Great Park. Elizabeth, nicknamed Lilibet, and her younger sister Margaret were educated at home by tutors. Academic courses included French, mathematics and history, with dancing, singing and art lessons undertaken as well.

With the outbreak of World War II in 1939, Elizabeth and her sister Princess Margaret largely stayed out of London, having been relocated to Windsor Castle. From there she made the first of her famous radio broadcasts, with this particular speech reassuring the children of Britain who had been evacuated from their homes and families. The 14-year-old princess, showing her calm and firm personality, told them “that in the end, all will be well; for God will care for us and give us victory and peace.”

Elizabeth soon started taking on other public duties. Appointed colonel-in-chief of the Grenadier Guards by her father, Elizabeth made her first public appearance inspecting the troops in 1942. She also began to accompany her parents on official visits within Britain.

In 1945, Elizabeth joined the Auxiliary Territorial Service to help in the war effort. She trained side-by-side with other British women to be an expert driver and mechanic. While her volunteer work only lasted a few months, it offered Elizabeth a glimpse into a different, non-royal world. She had another vivid experience outside of the monarchy when she and Margaret were allowed to mingle anonymously among the citizenry on Victory in Europe Day.

Queen Elizabeth II’s Job

Queen Elizabeth’s long and mainly peaceful reign has been marked by vast changes in her people’s lives, in her country’s power, how Britain is viewed abroad and how the monarchy is regarded and portrayed. As a constitutional monarch, Elizabeth does not weigh in on political matters, nor does she reveal her political views. However, she confers regularly with her prime ministers.

When Elizabeth became queen, post-war Britain still had a substantial empire, dominions and dependencies. However, during the 1950s and 1960s, many of these possessions achieved independence and the British Empire evolved into the Commonwealth of Nations. Elizabeth II has thus made visits to other countries as head of the Commonwealth and a representative of Britain, including a groundbreaking trip to Germany in 1965. She became the first British monarch to tour there in more than five decades.

During the 1970s and 1980s, Queen Elizabeth continued to travel extensively. In 1973 she attended the Commonwealth Conference in Ottawa, Canada, and in 1976 traveled to the United States for the 200th anniversary celebration of America’s independence from Britain. More than a week later she was in Montreal, Canada, to open the Summer Olympics. In 1979, she traveled to Kuwait, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman, which garnered international attention and widespread respect.

In 1982, Elizabeth worried about her second son Prince Andrew, who served as a helicopter pilot in the British Royal Navy during the Falklands War. Britain went to war with Argentina over the Falklands Islands, a clash that lasted for several weeks. While more than 250 British soldiers died in the conflict, Prince Andrew returned home safe and well, much to his mother’s relief.

In 2011, Elizabeth showed that the crown still had symbolic and diplomatic power when she became the first British monarch to visit the Republic of Ireland since 1911.

As queen, Elizabeth has modernized the monarchy, dropping some of its formalities and making certain sites and treasures more accessible to the public. As Britain and other nations struggled financially, she welcomed the elimination of the Civil List, which was a public funding system of the monarchy dating back roughly 250 years. The royal family continues to receive some government support, but the Queen has had to cut back on spending.

Despite the occasional call to step aside for Prince Charles, Elizabeth remained steadfast in her royal obligations as she passed her 90th birthday. She continued making more than 400 engagements per year, maintaining her support of hundreds of charitable organizations and programs.

However, in late 2017 the monarchy took what was considered a major step toward transitioning to the next generation: On November 12, Prince Charles handled the traditional Remembrance Sunday duty of placing a wreath at the Cenotaph war memorial, as the Queen watched from a nearby balcony.

Relationship With Prime Ministers

As of 2017, Elizabeth has had 13 prime ministers placed into power during her reign, with Queen and PM having a weekly, confidential meeting. (Elizabeth has also met about a quarter of all the U.S. presidents in history.) She enjoyed a father figure relationship with the iconic Winston Churchill, and was later able to loosen up a bit and be somewhat informal with Labour leaders Harold Wilson and James Callaghan. In contrast, she and Margaret Thatcher had a very formal, distant relationship, with the PM tending to be a grating lecturer to the Queen on a variety of issues.

Tony Blair saw certain concepts around the monarchy as somewhat outdated, though he did appreciate Elizabeth making a public statement after the death of Princess Diana. Later, Conservative leader David Cameron, who is Elizabeth’s fifth cousin removed, enjoyed a warm rapport with the Queen. He apologized in 2014 for revealing in a conversation that she was against the Scottish referendum to seek independence from Great Britain. The most recent PM, Theresa May, has been described as being tight-lipped about Brexit plans to leave the European Union, with a rumor circulating that Elizabeth was perturbed over not being informed about future exit strategies.

Threats

Elizabeth, as queen, worked tirelessly to protect the image of the monarchy and to prepare for its future. But she has seen the monarchy come under attack during her lifetime. The once-revered institution has weathered a number of storms, including death threats against the royal family. In 1979, Elizabeth suffered a great personal loss when Lord Mountbatten, her husband’s uncle, died in a terrorist bombing. Mountbatten and several members of his family were aboard his boat on August 29th, off the west coast of Ireland, when the vessel exploded. He and three others, including one of his grandsons, were killed. The IRA (Irish Republican Army), which opposed British rule in Northern Ireland, took responsibility for the attack.

In June 1981, Elizabeth herself had a dangerous encounter. She was riding in the Trooping the Colour, a special military parade to celebrate her official birthday, when a man in the crowd pointed a gun at her. He fired, but, fortunately, the gun was loaded with blanks. Other than receiving a good scare, the Queen was not hurt. She had an even closer call the following year when an intruder broke into Buckingham Palace and confronted Elizabeth in her bedroom. When the press got wind of the fact that Prince Philip was nowhere to be seen during this incident, they speculated about the state of the royal marriage.

Tabloid Scandals

The marriage of Queen Elizabeth’s son, Prince Charles, to Princess Diana made headlines for years before the couple announced plans to divorce in 1992. In the wake of Princess Diana’s death in 1997, Elizabeth went under intense media scrutiny. Her incredibly popular ex-daughter-in-law, sometimes nicknamed the People’s Princess, died from injuries in a Paris car crash on August 31st. The Queen was at her Balmoral estate in Scotland with Prince Charles and his and Diana’s two sons, Prince William and Prince Harry, at the time. For days, Elizabeth remained silent while the country mourned Diana’s passing, and she was sharply criticized for her lack of response. Stories circulated that the Queen did not want to give Diana a royal funeral, which only fueled public sentiment against the monarch. Nearly a week after Diana’s death, Elizabeth returned to London and issued a statement on the late princess.

Another of Queen Elizabeth’s children, Prince Andrew, ended up in the tabloids, after photos emerged of his wife Sarah Ferguson and another man engaged in romantic activity.

In November 2017, the media turned its attention back to the Queen, this time over reports of some $13 million invested in offshore accounts. The news came following the leak of the so-called “Paradise Papers” to a German newspaper, which shared the documents with the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists. The Duchy of Lancaster, which holds assets for the Queen, confirmed that some of its investments were overseas accounts, but insisted they were all legitimate.

Also in 2017, the former owner of the lingerie company Rigby & Peller, which had serviced Queen Elizabeth for more than 50 years, wrote a tell-all autobiography that included some of her experiences with the royal family. Although the author insisted that “the book doesn’t contain anything naughty,” the Queen responded in early 2018 by revoking Rigby & Peller’s royal warrant.

Loss and Change

After the start of the 21st century, Elizabeth experienced two great losses. She said goodbye to both her sister Margaret and her mother in 2002, the same year she celebrated her Golden Jubilee, or 50th year on the throne. Margaret, known for being more of an adventurous soul than other royals and who was barred from marrying an early love, died that February after suffering a stroke. Only a few weeks later, Elizabeth’s mother, known as the Queen Mother, died at Royal Lodge on March 30th at the age of 101.

Known to be a stickler for ceremony and tradition, Elizabeth eventually started to show signs of softening her stance. She had objected to the relationship between Prince Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles, with the pair having been involved while the prince was married. When the two wed in 2005, Elizabeth and Prince Philip had a reception in their honor at Windsor Castle.

Diamond Jubilee

Elizabeth celebrated her Diamond Jubilee in 2012, marking 60 years as queen. As part of the jubilee festivities, a special BBC concert was held on June 4th featuring the likes of Shirley Bassey, Paul McCartney, Tom Jones, Stevie Wonder and Kylie Minogue. Elizabeth was surrounded by family at this historic event, including her husband Philip, son Charles and grandsons Harry and William. On September 9, 2015, she surpassed her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria as Britain’s longest ruling monarch, who reigned for 63 years.

Sapphire Jubilee

On February 6, 2017, the Queen celebrated 65 years on the throne, the only British monarch to ever celebrate her Sapphire Jubilee. The date also marks the anniversary of the death of her father. The Queen chose to spend the day quietly at Sandringham, her country estate north of London, where she attended a church service.

In London, there were royal gun salutes at Green Park and at the Tower of London to mark the occasion. The Royal Mint also issued eight new commemorative coins in honor of the Queen’s Sapphire Jubilee.

Movies and Plays on Queen Elizabeth II

Keeping in mind the duration of her reign, Elizabeth has been played by a number of well-known actresses on both stage and screen. She has perhaps most famously been portrayed by Helen Mirren, who received an Oscar and Golden Globe, among other accolades, for her starring role in 2006’s The Queen, directed by Stephen Frears. Mirren later played Elizabeth in The Audience, a West End and Broadway play which chronicled the Queen’s aforementioned meetings with various prime ministers and for which the actress earned a 2015 Tony Award. Elizabeth later received a dramatic stage treatment from the formidable Kristin Scott Thomas, who starred in The Audience in 2015.

The Queen has also been played in various films over the decades by lookalike Jeannette Charles and was portrayed by Emma Thompson in the Playhouse Presents TV episode Walking the Dogs (2012). Elizabeth has been more recently portrayed on television screens by Claire Foy; the actress depicts the future monarch at the time of her marriage and political relationship with Churchill (John Lithgow) in Netflix’s The Crown, which debuted in autumn 2016. Foy received a Best Actress Golden Globe for the role.

Personal Life

For much of her life, the Queen has surrounded herself with dogs. She is especially known for her love of corgis, owning more than 30 descendants of the first corgi she received as a teenager, until the death of the final one, Willow, in 2018. Elizabeth is also a horse enthusiast who bred thoroughbreds and attended racing events for many years.

Not one for the spotlight, Elizabeth likes quiet pastimes. She enjoys reading mysteries, working on crossword puzzles and even watching wrestling on television.

Live Interview Videos:

 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JILrWW5kBv

Tags: Career Stats, ENGLAND, Famous, Interview Videos, ISTJ, News and Net worth, Queen Elizabeth II - MBTI Personality Type with Facts, SiTe)
Jamaican artist Konshenset worth

Jamaican artist Konshenset worth

 

Live Interview Videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nEWwDxEn2bM

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FF96p9aF3Qg

Bio & Career stats:

Image result for konshens
Konshens
Jamaican artist
Garfield Spence a.k.a. Konshens is a Jamaican dancehall recording artist.
Born: 11 January 1985 (age 33 years), Kingston, Jamaica
Full name: Garfield Delano Spence
Siblings: Delus
Genres: Dancehall, Soca music

Artist Biography by Paul Simpson

Sons of Jah

Jamaican dancehall reggae singer Konshens became an international superstar almost immediately after bursting onto the music scene in 2005. Born Garfield Spence in Kingston in 1985, he claims Beres Hammond as his primary musical influence, and his vocal style is strong and confident yet smooth and melodic. His songs range from urgent, socially conscious pleas to sexually charged dance numbers. Konshens first began making music as part of duo Sojah, along with his brother Delmark Spence (Delus). Their single “Pon Di Corner” became a number one hit in Japan, leading to a lengthy tour of that country, which was Konshens’ first experience performing live. After the duo released the Japan-only Sons of Jah album and completed another tour, they decided to work on solo material. Konshens began releasing a steady stream of dancehall hits, including “Winner,” “Rasta Imposter,” and “Insanity.” He made a guest appearance on Tarrus Riley’s 2009 hit “Good Girl Gone Bad,” from his album Contagious. Konshens toured around the world and developed huge fan bases in Europe, Africa, and South America, but he still remained massively popular in Japan, and his debut album, Real Talk (which collected many of his early hits), was released exclusively in Japan in 2010. His worldwide debut, Mental Maintenance, was issued via his own Subkonshus Music in 2012, and featured guest appearances by Bounty Killer, Sizzla, Voicemail, and others. Konshens continued releasing singles in addition to appearing on tracks by Sean Paul, Eva Simons, Kreesha Turner, and others.

Tags: Career Stats, dancehall, Interview Videos, JAMAICA, Jamaican artist Konshens - MBTI Personality Type with Style, News and Net worth
İlkay Gündoğan

İlkay Gündoğan

Height 5 ft 10.75 in
Weight 78 kg
Date of Birth October 24, 1990
Zodiac Sign Scorpio
Girlfriend Unknown

İlkay Gündoğan is a German professional soccer player known for his good performances for 1. FC Nürnberg and Borussia Dortmund. His move to Dortmund helped him establish himself as one of the most dynamic midfielders in the modern game. His passing range and surging runs from the midfield often gives his side an edge in attack. It was because of this very reason that he was snapped up by Pep Guardiola immediately after he started his managerial stint with Manchester City. He has a huge social media fan base with more than 3 million followers on Instagram.

Born Name

İlkay Gündoğan

Nick Name

İlkay

İlkay Gündoğan as seen in September 2012 (Michael Kranewitter / Wikimedia / CC BY-SA 3.0)

Current net worth Forbes $6 million 

Age

  1. İlkay Gündoğan  is currently 28 according to his birthdate October 24, 1990

(more…)

Tags: Career Stats, İlkay Gündoğan - MBTI Personality Profile with Bio, INFJ, News and Net worth
Bruno Mars  |

Bruno Mars |

Net Worth: $150 million – 2018

Quotes:

Music is not math. It’s science. You keep mixing the stuff up until it blows up on you, or it becomes this incredible potion.

Live Interview Videos:

Bio & Career stats:

Bruno Mars
BrunoMars24KMagicWorldTourLive (cropped).jpg

Mars performing on the 24K Magic World Tour in 2017
Background information
Birth name Peter Gene Hernandez
Born October 8, 1985 (age 33)
Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.
Genres
  • R&B
  • funk
  • pop
  • soul
  • reggae
  • rock
  • hip hop
Occupation(s)
  • Singer-songwriter
  • record producer
  • dancer
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • guitar
  • piano
  • keyboards
  • drums
Years active 2004–present
Labels
  • Universal Motown
  • Atlantic
  • Elektra
Associated acts
  • The Smeezingtons
  • Shampoo Press & Curl
  • The Hooligans
  • Mark Ronson
  • Jeff Bhasker
  • Andrew Wyatt
Website brunomars.com

Peter Gene Hernandez (born October 8, 1985), known
Bruno Mars
BrunoMars24KMagicWorldTourLive (cropped).jpg
Mars performing on the 24K Magic World Tour in 2017
Background information
Birth name Peter Gene Hernandez
Born October 8, 1985 (age 33)
Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.
Genres
R&B funk pop soul reggae rock hip hop
Occupation(s)
Singer-songwriter record producer dancer
Instruments
Vocals guitar piano keyboards drums
Years active 2004–present
Labels
Universal Motown Atlantic Elektra
Associated acts
The Smeezingtons Shampoo Press & Curl The Hooligans Mark Ronson Jeff Bhasker Andrew Wyatt
Website brunomars.com
Peter Gene Hernandez (born October 8, 1985), known professionally as Bruno Mars, is an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, and dancer. Born and raised in Honolulu, Hawaii, Mars moved to Los Angeles in 2003 to pursue a musical career. After being dropped by Motown Records, Mars signed a recording contract with Atlantic Records in 2009. In the same year, he co-founded the production team The Smeezingtons, responsible for various successful singles for Mars himself and other artists. In 2016, Shampoo Press & Curl replaced The Smeezingtons on the composition of Mars’ third studio album, 24K Magic.

Mars rose to fame in 2010 with the release of the successful singles “Nothin’ on You” by B.o.B and “Billionaire” by Travie McCoy, both of which featured his vocals on the hooks. His debut studio album Doo-Wops & Hooligans (2010) peaked at number three on the US Billboard 200 and reached the top in Canada, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands and in the United Kingdom albums charts. It spawned the international number-one singles “Just the Way You Are”, “Grenade” and “The Lazy Song”. The former won a Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance. In 2011, Mars recorded the thriving single “It Will Rain” for The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 1.

Mars’ second album, Unorthodox Jukebox (2012), peaked at number one on the US Billboard 200, Australia, Canada, Switzerland, and in the UK, winning a Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album. Its singles “Locked Out of Heaven” and “When I Was Your Man” reached number one on the US Billboard Hot 100. In 2014, Mars collaborated with Mark Ronson on “Uptown Funk”, which topped many music charts worldwide, including the US, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and UK. It won two Grammys, including Record of the Year. His third studio album, the R&B-focused 24K Magic (2016), debuted at number two in the United States, Canada, and New Zealand. It received seven Grammys, in conjunction with major categories Album of the Year, Record of the Year, and Song of the Year and yielded the successful singles “24K Magic”, “That’s What I Like” and “Finesse”.

Mars has sold over 130 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling artists of all time. He has released seven number-one singles on the Billboard Hot 100 since his career launched in 2010, attaining his first five faster than any male artist since Elvis Presley. Mars has received many awards and nominations, including eleven Grammy Awards, three Brit Awards, three Guinness World Records, and was named one of Time’s 100 most influential people in the world in 2011. In December 2013, he ranked number one on the Forbes 30 under 30 list. Mars is known for his stage performances and retro showmanship. He is accompanied by his band, The Hooligans, who play a variety of instruments such as electric guitar, bass, piano, keyboards, drums and horns, and also serve as backup singers and dancers. Mars performs in a wide range of musical styles.

Contents
1 Life and career
1.1 1985–2003: Early life and musical beginnings
1.2 2004–2010: Production work and It’s Better If You Don’t Understand
1.3 2010–2012: Doo-Wops & Hooligans
1.4 2012–2014: Unorthodox Jukebox and Super Bowl XLVIII Halftime Show
1.5 2015–present: Super Bowl 50 Halftime performance and 24K Magic
2 Artistry
2.1 Influences
2.2 Musical style and themes
2.3 Showmanship
3 The Hooligans – Band members
4 Other ventures
4.1 Endorsements
4.2 Philanthropy
5 Achievements
6 Personal life
6.1 Family and relationships
6.2 Mother’s death
6.3 Legal issues
6.4 Wealth
7 Controversies
7.1 Tyler, The Creator
7.2 Racial ambiguity
7.3 Kanye West
7.4 Mimicking
8 Discography
9 Filmography
10 Tours and residencies
10.1 Concert tours
10.2 Concert residencies
11 See also
12 References
13 External links
Life and career
1985–2003: Early life and musical beginnings
Peter Gene Hernandez was born on October 8, 1985,[1] in Honolulu, Hawaii, to Peter Hernandez and Bernadette San Pedro Bayot, and was raised in the Waikiki neighborhood of Honolulu.[2][3]

His father is of half Puerto Rican and half Ashkenazi Jewish descent (from Ukraine and Hungary), and is originally from Brooklyn, New York.[3][4][5] His mother emigrated from the Philippines to Hawaii as a child, and was of Filipino, and some Spanish, ancestry.[3][4] His parents met while performing in a show in which his mother was a hula dancer and his father played percussion.[5] At the age of two, he was nicknamed “Bruno” by his father, because of his resemblance to professional wrestler Bruno Sammartino.[6][7][8]

Mars is one of six children and came from a musical family which exposed him to a diverse mix of genres including: reggae, rock, hip hop, and R&B.[9][10] His mother was both a singer and a dancer, and his father performed Little Richard rock and roll music.[11] Mars’ uncle was an Elvis impersonator, and also encouraged three-year-old Mars to perform on stage. Mars performed songs by artists such as Michael Jackson, The Isley Brothers, and The Temptations.[7] At the age of four, Mars began performing five days a week with his family’s band, The Love Notes, and became known on the island for his impersonation of Presley.[12] In 1990, Mars was featured in MidWeek as “Little Elvis”, and later appeared in a cameo role in the film Honeymoon in Vegas (1992),[7][13] and performed in the halftime show of the 1990 Aloha Bowl.[14]

The time Mars spent impersonating Presley had a major impact on his musical evolution and performing techniques.[15] He later began playing guitar after being inspired by Jimi Hendrix.[16] In 2010, he also acknowledged his Hawaiian roots and musical family as an influence, explaining: “Growing up in Hawaii made me the man I am. I used to do a lot of shows in Hawaii with my father’s band. Everybody in my family sings, everyone plays instruments… I’ve just been surrounded by it.”[17][3] When he attended President Theodore Roosevelt High School he performed in a group called The School Boys.[18]

After Mars’ sister in Los Angeles played Mars’ demo for Mike Lynn, (the A&R at Dr. Dre’s Aftermath Entertainment), Lynn summoned Mars to Los Angeles.[19] In 2003, shortly after graduating from high school at the age of 17, Mars moved to Los Angeles, California, to pursue a musical career.[7][13] He adopted his stage name from the nickname his father gave him, adding “Mars” at the end because: “I felt like I didn’t have [any] pizzazz, and a lot of girls say I’m out of this world, so I was like I guess I’m from Mars.”[20] Moreover, the adoption of his stage name was also due to “the music industry tried to pigeonhole him as another Latino artist, and even convinced him to sing in Spanish.”[21]

2004–2010: Production work and It’s Better If You Don’t Understand
“I’d always been a working musician in Hawaii and never had problems paying rent. And then it’s like, ‘Now I’m in L.A. and my phone’s getting shut off.’ That’s when reality hit. I started DJ-ing. It was something silly. I told this person I could DJ because they said they could pay me $75 cash under the table. I didn’t know how to DJ. I lost that job pretty quick.”
—Mars, speaking about his experiences of moving to Los Angeles to pursue a musical career.[22] Shortly after moving to Los Angeles, Mars signed with Motown Records in 2004, in a deal that “went nowhere”, and had a conversation with Will.i.am’s management which turned out to be fruitless.[23][21] During this time, people in the music industry took Mars as another Latino artist, due to his surname, and even tried to convince him to sing in Spanish saying: “Your last name’s Hernandez, maybe you should do the Latin music, this Spanish music… Enrique [Iglesias] is so hot right now”. Nevertheless, Mars used his childhood nickname Bruno and changed his surname to Mars, in an effort to “avoid being stereotyped”.[21] However, the singer’s experience with Motown proved to be beneficial to his career when he met songwriter and producer Philip Lawrence, who was also signed to the label.[23]

After Mars was dropped by the label less than a year after being signed, he stayed in Los Angeles and landed a music publishing deal in 2005 with Steve Lindsey and Cameron Strang at Westside Independent.[24][19]

“Bruno came to the conclusion that the best way to further his career was writing and producing hit songs.”
—Cameron Strang, speaking about developing Mars’ career.[19] Lindsey showed Mars and Jeff Bhasker (who Mars met through Mike Lynn) the ins and outs of writing pop music and acted as a mentor helping them to hone their craft. Bhasker explained that Lindsey would “mentor us, and kind of give us lectures as to what a hit pop song is, because you can have talent and music ability, but understanding what makes a hit pop song is a whole other discipline.”[24][19][25] Mars played cover songs around Los Angeles in a band with Bhasker and Eric Hernandez, (Mars’ brother), who is now The Hooligans’ drummer.[26]

When Lawrence was first told he should meet Mars he was reluctant to do so since he did not even have money for bus fare. Keith Harris, drummer for The Black Eyed Peas, told him: “Whatever it costs you to get out here, I’ll reimburse you.” Lawrence responded: “Just give me five dollars back for the bus.”[27] The pair began collaborating, writing songs for Mars, but they received many rejections from labels. On the verge of giving up, they received a call from Brandon Creed, who was looking for songs for a reunited Menudo. He liked their song “Lost”, which was written for Mars. The duo did not want to give the song away, but when they were offered $20,000 for it they agreed. The sale of this song allowed them to continue working,[27] and Mars and Lawrence decided that they would write and produce songs together for other artists.[19] Eventually, Creed became Mars’ manager for nine years.[27][28]

In 2006, Lawrence introduced Mars to his future A&R manager at Atlantic Records, Aaron Bay-Schuck.[29] After hearing him play a couple of songs on the guitar, Bay-Schuck wanted to sign him immediately, but it took roughly three years for Atlantic records to finally sign Mars to the label, because they felt it was too early and that he still needed to develop as an artist.[24][29]

Before becoming a successful solo artist, Mars was an acknowledged music producer, writing songs for Alexandra Burke, Travie McCoy, Adam Levine, Brandy, Sean Kingston, and Flo Rida.[9][22] He also co-wrote the Sugababes’ hit song “Get Sexy” and provided backing vocals on their album Sweet 7.[30] His first recorded appearance as a singer was on Far East Movement’s second studio album Animal, on the track “3D”.[31] He was also featured on pastor and hip hop artist Jaeson Ma’s debut single “Love” in August 2009.[32][33] He reached prominence as a solo artist after being featured on, and composing, under The Smeezingtons, B.o.B’s “Nothin’ on You” and Travie McCoy’s “Billionaire”; both songs peaked within the top ten on many charts worldwide, with the former charting at number one in the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 and in the UK single charts.[34][35][36]

He said of them: “I think those songs weren’t meant to be full-sung songs. If I’d sung all of “Nothin’ on You”, it might’ve sounded like some ’90s R&B.” Following this success, Mars released his debut extended play (EP), titled It’s Better If You Don’t Understand, on May 11, 2010.[37] The EP peaked at number 99 on the Billboard 200 and a music video was released for the song “The Other Side” featuring singers CeeLo Green and B.o.B.[38][39] Mars, under The Smeezingtons, collaborated with Green once more composing the single “Fuck You” .[40]

2010–2012: Doo-Wops & Hooligans

Bruno Mars playing the keyboard in a concert in Houston
After serving as guest vocalist on B.o.B’s and Travie McCoy’s singles,[41] Mars released “Just the Way You Are” on July 19, 2010.[42] The song was the lead single from his debut studio album, Doo-Wops & Hooligans, and reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100, Canada and in the UK,[34][43][35] as well as several other charts worldwide.[36] The song holds the record as the longest-reigning debut format hit, spending twenty weeks atop Adult Contemporary.[44] He also released two promotional singles, “Liquor Store Blues” featuring Damian Marley and “Grenade”, before confirming the latter as the album’s second single on October 21, 2010.[45][46] “Grenade” reached number one on the Hot 100, Canada and in the UK.[34][43][35] It was also successful on other international charts.[36] The album, released on October 5, 2010, debuted at number three on the Billboard 200, selling 55,000 copies.[47][48] It charted number one in Canada, Switzerland, in the United Kingdom and other international album charts.[49][35][36] Doo-Wops & Hooligans received generally positive reviews from music critics and has since sold six million copies worldwide.[50][51] In February 2011, “The Lazy Song” was released as the third single[52] becoming the album’s third consecutive top five on the Hot 100, peaking at number four and reaching the top spot in Denmark and UK.[34][36][35]

“Talking to the Moon” became the fourth official single, only in Brazil, following its appearance on the soundtrack of the Brazilian telenovela Insensato Coração (Irrational Heart) from 2011.[53] It reached the top position on Billboard Brasil Hot Pop Songs and the Hot 100 Airplay, spending several weeks on the top of both charts.[54][55] “Marry You” was first released as a single on August 22, 2011.[56] Although it was not released as a single in the US, it peaked at number 85 on the Hot 100 on January 15, 2011, due to strong digital sales, 2.2 million as of 2015, and entered in several charts worldwide.[34][36][57] In November, “Count On Me” was released as the album’s overall sixth single in Australia, but charted in various regions.[36][58] Additionally, Mars recorded and composed with the Smeezingtons a song titled “It Will Rain”, the first single for The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 1 Original Motion Picture Soundtrack.[59] The song was released on iTunes on September 27, 2011.[60] It peaked at number three on the Billboard Hot 100 and at number two in New Zealand.[34][36] During this period, he appeared on a number of collaborative singles, including “Lighters”, with Bad Meets Evil issued on July 5, 2011,[61] “Mirror”, released on September 13, 2011,[62] with Lil Wayne, and “Young, Wild & Free” with Wiz Khalifa and Snoop Dogg, available for purchase on October 11, 2011.[63] The songs peaked at number four, sixteen and seven on the Billboard Hot 100, respectively and reached the top twenty of various music charts worldwide.[34][36]

On September 19, 2010, Mars was arrested in Las Vegas at the Hard Rock Casino for possession of cocaine. While talking to a police officer, Mars reportedly declared that what he did was “foolish” and that “he has never used drugs before.”[21] Mars pleaded guilty to felony drug possession and in return was told that the charges would be erased from his criminal record as long as he stayed out of trouble for a year. He paid a $2,000 fine, did 200 hours of community service, and completed a drug counseling course.[21][64] Nevertheless, in a cover story for GQ magazine in 2013, Mars said “I was young, man! I was in f—ing Vegas…I wasn’t thinking”, he added: “I was given a number one record and I’m out doing dumb sh–.” Mars confessed that he lied to the authorities about having done cocaine before, saying “I don’t know where that came from”, adding: “I was really intoxicated. I was really drunk. So a lot of that is a big blur, and I try every day to forget and keep pushing.”[21]

Mars started to promote his debut album, as the opening act for Maroon 5 and One Republic, on the fall leg of Hands All Over Tour. Later, on October 18, 2010, the singer began a co-headline European tour with Travis McCoy that lasted until early November.[47] Doo-Wops & Hooligans received further promotion, when the singer embarked on his first concert tour, The Doo-Wops & Hooligans Tour, that ran from November 2010 to January 2012.[45][65] Most shows took place on smaller venues, such as theaters and ballrooms, which narrowed down his income in the short term, since he rejected various offers to open for notable artists on arena tours, but led to create a substantial fan base.[66][67]

At the 2011 Grammy Awards, Mars won his first Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance for “Just the Way You Are” and received other six nominations for his work. Best Rap Song, Best Rap/Sung Collaboration and Record of the Year for “Nothin’ on You”, the latter category along with Song of the Year for “Fuck You”, and Producer of the Year, Non-Classical as The Smeezingtons.[68][69] At the 2012 Grammy Awards, Mars lost all the six categories in which he was nominated to Adele. This included, Album of the Year and Best Pop Vocal Album for Doo-Wops & Hooligans, Best Pop Solo Performance, Record and Song of the Year for “Grenade”, while Producer of the Year, Non-Classical as The Smeezingtons was lost to Paul Epworth.[70] During this time, he also won his first American Music Award for Favorite Pop/Rock Male Artist, International Male Solo Artist at the Brit Awards and the Echo Award for Best International Male.[71][72]

2012–2014: Unorthodox Jukebox and Super Bowl XLVIII Halftime Show
On March 22, 2012, it was announced that Mars had signed a worldwide publishing deal with BMG Chrysalis US.[73] In September 2012, when interviewed by Billboard, Mars stated that his album would be more musically varied and refused to “pick a lane”, adding: “I want to have the freedom and luxury to walk into a studio and say, ‘Today I want to do a hip-hop, R&B, soul or rock record’ “. He announced the album title Unorthodox Jukebox along with the ten songs which would make the final cut, and the title of the first single, “Locked out of Heaven”, released on October 1, 2012.[74] The lead single from Unorthodox Jukebox reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100, Canada and number two on the UK single charts.[34][43][35] It charted within the top ten in fifteen countries worldwide.[36]

Unorthodox Jukebox, produced mainly by The Smeezingtons, was released on December 11, 2012,[74] and debuted at number two on the Billboard 200 with sales of 192,000 units.[75] The album eventually peaked at number one on the Billboard 200, almost three months after its release.[76] It also charted number one in Australia, Canada, Switzerland and in the United Kingdom, becoming the fastest selling album by a solo artist in 2012 in the UK[49][36][77] and has since sold six million copies worldwide.[78] “When I Was Your Man”, was released as the second single from Unorthodox Jukebox on January 15, 2013, and peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100,[34] making Elvis Presley the only male who has achieved five number one singles on the Hot 100 more quickly than Mars.[79] It reached number two on the UK single charts and was top ten in several countries.[35][36] The third single “Treasure” peaked at number five in the United States, but had less commercial success worldwide than the previous two.[34][36] On May 24, 2013, Major Lazer issued a remix of “Bubble Butt”, as the fourth single from their album Free the Universe, featuring Tyga, 2 Chainz, Mystic, and Mars on vocals.[80] In late 2013, “Gorilla”[81] and “Young Girls”[82] followed as the album’s fourth and fifth singles, and reached the top 35 on the Hot 100.[34]

Mars ran his second headlining tour, The Moonshine Jungle Tour, from June 2013 to October 2014.[83][84] The tour grossed $156,4 million globally.[85][86] On September 8, 2013, Mars was announced as the headline performer at the Super Bowl XLVIII halftime show on February 2, 2014.[87] The Red Hot Chili Peppers served as special guests for the show.[88] It was the first Super Bowl halftime headlined by a performer under 30, and of Puerto Rican descent.[89] The show was the most watched halftime show in the history of the Super Bowl, drawing a rating of 115.3 million viewers. The viewership was higher than the game itself.[90] However, it was surpassed the following year by Katy Perry’s halftime show.[91] He also performed at the 2015 Rock in Rio festival on May 16, 2015.[92]

At the 2014 Grammy Awards Mars won the award for Best Pop Vocal Album for Unorthodox Jukebox. “Locked Out of Heaven” was nominated for Record and Song of the Year, while “When I Was Your Man” earned a nomination for Best Pop Solo Performance.[93] In the same year, the album was recognized with the Juno Award for International Album of the Year.[94] Aside from his music career, Mars played the role of Roberto in the movie Rio 2 which was released in theaters on March 20, 2014.[95] He also contributed to the soundtrack with “Welcome Back”.[96] In October, 2014, Mark Ronson announced the release of a new single on November 10, 2014, titled “Uptown Funk”, featuring Mars’ vocals.[97] The song was a commercial success reaching number one in several countries, including the US,[34] Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the UK.[43][35][36] In 2013, Mars was named Artist of the Year by Billboard and ranked number one on the Forbes list 30 Under 30, a tally of the brightest stars in 15 different fields under the age of 30.[98][99]

2015–present: Super Bowl 50 Halftime performance and 24K Magic
After ending the Moonshine Jungle Tour, Mars began working on his third studio album, 24K Magic. He wrote on his Facebook page: “Now it’s time to start writing chapter 3”. The artist had not come up with a date for the release, stating: “Until it’s done … It’s gotta be just as good if not better”.[100] In March 2015, the artist provided some details of the new album, on that’s Shanghai magazine, confirming Mark Ronson and Jeff Bhasker as producers. He wanted to improve his songwriting, shows, music videos and make a better album than the previous two.[101] In the same year, Mars (as The Smeezingtons) composed “All I Ask”, a track from Adele’s album 25.[102] Their work with Adele brought Mars a Grammy Award for Album of the Year at the 2017 Grammy Awards.[103]

On December 2, 2015, it was announced that Coldplay would be headlining the Super Bowl 50 halftime show on February 7, 2016.[104] Mars and Beyoncé were guest acts tying, at that time, with Justin Timberlake and Nelly for appearing twice on the Super Bowl halftime. They are only surpassed by Gloria Estefan, with three appearances.[105] It became one of the most watched halftime shows.[106] At the 2016 Grammy Awards, Ronson and Mars’ single, “Uptown Funk”, won the Grammy Award for Best Pop Duo/Group Performance and Record of the Year.[107] In the same year, the singer was in the studio with his band’s bass player Jamareo Artis, engineer Charles Moniz, singer-songwriter Andrew Wyatt and EDM producer Skrillex.[108][109] Moniz confirmed the album was close to being finished and Artis claimed it was set to be released in 2016.[110][111] The album was to be issued in March, but Mars’ appearance at the Super Bowl halftime show led the release to be postponed several months. At that time seven songs were already recorded.[112] On May, the singer not only split with his manager, Brandon Creed, but also starred in the second season of Jane the Virgin as a musical guest.[28][113] The Guinness World Records recognized him in its 2017 edition as the “First Male Artist to achieve three 10-million-selling-singles”.[114]

“24K Magic” was released as the lead single from 24K Magic on October 7, 2016.[115] It was promoted with a performance on Saturday Night Live and peaked at number four in the United States.[116][34] It reached the top spot in Belgium (Flanders), France and New Zealand.[36] In November, CBS announced an interview segment on “60 Minutes”, presented by Lara Logan, in which Mars talked about his new album and humble roots. This was his first television appearance in four years, coinciding with the release of the album.[117] 24K Magic, released on November 18, 2016, debuted number two on the Billboard 200, Canada, France and New Zealand.[118][49][36] It received positive reviews from critics and was composed mainly by Shampoo Press & Curl, a production team consisting of Mars, Lawrence and Christopher Brown, who replaced The Smeezingtons.[119][120] “That’s What I Like” was released as the second single on January 30, 2017 and reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100.[121][34] However, it had less success in international markets.[36] In June, the original version and a remix with David Guetta of “Versace on the Floor” were issued as the album’s third single.[122][123] It reached the top 35 of the Hot 100.[34] In November, “Chunky” was announced as the album’s fourth single only in Australia.[124] “Finesse” featuring Cardi B was released as the last single from 24k Magic on January 4, 2018.[125] It became a top-three single on the Hot 100 and Canada, reaching number two in New Zealand.[34][43][36]

The singer’s third headlining tour, the 24K Magic World Tour, began in March 2017. It has so far grossed $300 million worldwide.[126] In September 2017, Us Weekly announced plans for a TV special by Mars at the Apollo Theater in New York.[127] It was confirmed that Mars would be starring in his first TV concert titled Bruno Mars: 24K Magic Live at the Apollo, a one-hour special, aired by CBS on November 29. The show was produced by Fulwell 73 Productions and co-produced by Ben Winston and Mars.[128] Mars received seven awards at the 2017 American Music Awards, including Artist of the Year, two for “That’s What I Like” and other two for his album 24K Magic.[129] He also won Album/Mixtape of the Year at the 2017 Soul Train Music Awards, in addition to four other awards.[130] At the 2018 Grammy Awards, Mars won in the six categories for which he was nominated. Album of the Year and Best R&B Album for 24K Magic, Record of the Year for the title track and Song of The Year, Best R&B Performance and Best R&B Song for “That’s What I Like”. 24K Magic also won a Grammy Award for Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical awarding the engineers for their work on the album.[131] In the same year Mars won several awards in R&B categories at the Billboard and iHeartRadio Music Awards.[132][133]

In early 2018, according to Jackie Jackson, Mars had worked on Michael Jackson’s music.[134] However, the singer denied any involvement in Jackson’s music.[135] Despite Nile Rodgers stating that Mars would be featured on Chic’s studio album It’s About Time (2018), the track didn’t made the final cut.[136][137] Charlie Wilson admitted that he and Mars were working on a collboration.[138] In the same year, Forbes reported that Mars could have left Creed’s management company due to the latter selling half of it. After this, Mars took his business affairs under his own management company, Gorilla Management, which is operated by Aaron Elharar.[126] Mars is featured, along with Kodak Black, on Gucci Mane’s single “Wake Up in the Sky” issued in September 2018.[citation needed]

Artistry
Influences
Michael Jackson performing
Prince playing guitar
Musicians including Michael Jackson (left) and Prince (right) have influenced Mars.
As a child, Mars spent time impersonating Elvis Presley. This playact had a major impact on his musical evolution; he later reflected:

I’m a big fan of 1950s Elvis when he would go on stage and scare people because he was a force and girls would go nuts! You can say the same thing for Prince or The Police. It’s just guys who know that people are here to see a show, so I watch those guys and I love studying them because I’m a fan.[15]

He also impersonated Michael Jackson and Little Richard, both of whom are major inspirations of his.[7][11] Mars was raised on his father’s doo-wop collection — “simple four-chord songs that got straight to the point” and on Little Richard, Jerry Lee Lewis,and Frankie Lymon.[139][140] The hip-hop productions by The Neptunes and Timbaland, that were played on the radio constantly, also influenced him.[139]

Mars’ musical style gravitated initially towards R&B since he was influenced by artists such as Keith Sweat, Jodeci, and R. Kelly.[141] As a child he also took notice of Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, New Edition, Bobby Brown, Boyz II Men, Teddy Riley and Babyface.[142] At the same time, he also listened to 1950s rock ‘n’ roll, doo-wop music, and Motown.[141] In high school, he listened to classic rock groups such as Led Zeppelin, and The Beatles, whose influences can be heard in Mars’ work,[141] as well as singers with high voices, like Stevie Wonder and Freddie Mercury.[143] Bob Marley, and local bands in Hawaii, were a major influence and account for his reggae roots.[5] Hip-hop acts like Jay-Z, The Roots, and Cody Chesnutt were among some of Mars’ favourites, and have influenced his composition skills.[141] Each of these musical genres has influenced Mars’ musical style; he observed that: “It’s not easy to [create] songs with that mixture of rock and soul and hip-hop, and there’s only a handful of them.”[141] Mars also admires classical music.[144]

Other artists Mars has said inspired his work include: Jimi Hendrix,[141][144] Amy Winehouse,[145] Sly Stone, Carlos Santana, George Clinton, Coldplay, and Usher.[11][144][146] Mars has also stated that he is a fan of: Alicia Keys, Jessie J, Jack White, The Saturdays, and Kings of Leon.[147]

Musical style and themes
Mars’ music has been noted for displaying a wide variety of styles, musical genres, and influences, including pop,[148] rock,[148] reggae,[148] R&B,[149] soul,[150] and hip hop.[139] His debut album Doo-Wops & Hooligans, a pop record, is influence by these genres.[150] His subsequent release, Unorthodox Jukebox, as with his debut album, is infused with different influences including dance, rock reggae and soul, as well as balladry.[151][152] Lyrically, the album is different than the former, addressing traditional notions of romance, male chauvinism, and sexuality.[151][153] The explicit content in the song “Gorilla” caused a controversy in Australia.[154] Many of his songs, particularly on Doo-Wops & Hooligans, reflect “feel-good”, carefree, and optimistic sentiments.[155][156] However, darker subjects are addressed in his songs, detailing failed relationships and self-destructive behaviour.[150][157] Mars’ third album, 24K Magic, is significantly influence by R&B, soul music and funk.[158][159] Lyrically, the album involve themes of money and sex.[160] Mars has explained his writing process: “I don’t sit down and think, ‘I’m going to write a song’, since “You can’t force creativeness” as inspiration comes out of the blue in different places. Ideas occur suddenly to him; and occasionally, he is able to materialize them into lyrics. It can take him one year to come up with something.[101]

Mars claims that his work with other artists has influenced his musical style: “Nothin’ on You had a Motown vibe, Billionaire was a reggae acoustic guitar-driven song, though one of my favourites is the CeeLo Green song. I don’t think anyone else could’ve sung that song. And there’s Just the Way You Are. If you know my story, you know I love all different genres of music.” [161] Mars states that growing up in Hawaii influenced his style, giving the songs a reggae sound. He explains: “In Hawaii some of the biggest radio stations are reggae. That music brings people together. It’s not urban music or pop music. It’s just songs. That’s what makes it cross over so well. The song comes first.”[5]

Philip Lawrence, one of his music partners from The Smeezingtons, stated: “What people don’t know is there’s a darker underbelly to Bruno Mars.” Nevertheless, most of his music is romantic and Mars himself says: “I blame that on me singing to girls back in high school”.[162]

Mars possesses a three octave tenor vocal range.[152] Jon Caramanica of The New York Times commented that he is one of the most “versatile and accessible singers in pop, with a light, soul-influenced voice that’s an easy fit in a range of styles, a universal donor”,[139] while Tim Sendra from AllMusic described Mars’ vocals on Doo-Wops & Hooligans as “the kind of smooth instrument that slips into your ear like honey.”[163] Jody Rosen from Rolling Stone called Mars a “nimble, soulful vocalist” on Unorthodox Jukebox. Jim Farber of the New York Daily News praised Mars’ voice due to “the purity, cream and range of mid-period Michael Jackson” in a review of a concert promoting Unorthodox Jukebox.[164] On 24K Magic, Consequence of Sound’s Karen Gwen afirmed that Mars showed his “pips” and pushed his vocals to the limit. She described his voice as a “clear, unapologetic tenor” being a “blessing” nowadays.[165] Jon Caramanica of The New York Times found 24K Magic to show Mars’ vocal ability from tenderness to “the more forceful side of his voice”.[166] Mars is also able to play drums,[167][168] guitar,[168][169] keyboard,[169] bass,[168] and piano.[79][169] Mars usually plays the instrumentation or part of it, on his albums and on the songs he composes for other artists.[168][170]

Showmanship
Mars performing in a concert
Bruno Mars and The Hooligans performing with strobe lights
Mars is known for his retro showmanship which is widely acclaimed by tour critics and reviewers.[171][172][173] Deanna Ramsay of The Jakarta Post described Mars as a “truly global star”.[174] Boston Herald’s Jim Sullivan compared Mars’ shownmaship to Michael Jackson and Elvis Presley.[171] Kevin Johnson of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch called Mars a “consummate performer.”[175] The Boston Globe’s Sarah Rodman said that Mars shows an “indefatigable ecstatic approach to performing” and “classic showmanship.”[172] In the same vein, Jim Farber of the Daily News stated of the halftime show at Super Bowl XLVIII that Mars “brings old-school showmanship to dynamic performance.”[173]

During The Doo-Wops & Hooligans Tour, Ara Jansan from The West Australian called the performance “one of the most creative and exciting displays of musical artistry” she had witnessed in a long time and noticed the concert attracted a wide-ranging audience of all age groups.[176] The Oregonian’s Robert Ham explained that the singer not only grabbed the spectators’ attention throughout the entire concert, but he also sang every note by himself with noticeable guitar skills.[177] On the Moonshine Jungle Tour, Jason Lipshutz of Billboard described Mars’ performance as “entertaining … keeping smiles plastered on the faces of his onlookers, and he does a better job at it than almost anyone working in music right now”.[178] Rolling Stone magazine placed Mars at number 35 on its list of 50 Best Live Acts Right Now in 2013; “Anyone from the age of 5 to 95 can walk out of a Bruno Mars concert feeling like the show was designed just for them. Mars walks the old-school walk and talks the sexy talk, but he also nails the hits, leads a super-energetic nine-piece soul band, and rips a mean drum solo”.[179] NFL executives Sarah Moll and Tracy Perlman stated that: “If you go to his concerts, it’s 11-year-old girls to 65-year-old women—it’s everyone”, after seeing The Moonshine Jungle tour several times during the summer of 2013.[98]

Mars’ concerts feature The Hooligans, a band that includes: a guitarist, bassist, drummer, keyboardist, and a horn section. They also serve as dancers and background singers.[175][180] Critics noted the difference the backup band and the arrangements made to the sound of the live versions of the songs compared to those on the album.[176][181] Mars’ shows feature all-band choreographed dancing arrangements, which include footwork that is inspired by James Brown and the splits.[179][182][183] His shows are heavily influenced by the disco era with a soul revue-inspired set.[175][173] In addition, long, mellow, and soft interludes that echo the smooth contemporary R&B style which was popular during the 1990s are also part of the show.[175][180] His set list blends several genres of music such as: pop, doo-wop, funk, R&B, soul and reggae.[175][172] His first two headlining concert tours included various covers.[178][181] Mars’ shows usually feature pyrotechnics, strobe and laser lighting,[172][175] and he typically plays the drums and guitar.[172][175]

The Hooligans – Band members
Current members[184] Bruno Mars – lead vocals, guitar (2010–present)
Philip Lawrence – backing vocals (2010–present)
Phredley Brown – keyboard (2010–2012), lead guitar (2012–present), backing vocals (2010–present)
Jamareo Artis – bass guitar (2010–present)
Eric Hernandez – drums (2010–present)
Kameron Whalum – trombone (2010–present)
Dwayne Dugger – saxophone (2010–present)
James King – trumpet (2010–present)
John Fossit – keyboard, piano (2012–present)
Former members[185] Kenji Chan – lead guitar (2010–2012)
Other ventures
Endorsements
On May 12, 2013, Mars tweeted a picture of himself using an electronic cigarette. On May 30, 2013, a press release was published reporting Mars’ investment in the NJOY Electronic Cigarette Company, “in order to quit smoking for his mother”, since the singer “believes in the product and the company’s mission.”[186]

Mars decided to invest in Chromatik, which makes digital versions of sheet music for the web and iPad. Mars said: “I love that Chromatik will bring better music education into schools” … “[a]nd I’m happy to be a part of it.”[187]

In 2014, Bruno Mars teamed up with three partners to launch the “Selvarey Rum” brand which includes Selvarey White, made of blended three and five-year aged Panamanian rums and the five-year-old rum flavored with chocolate, Selvarey Cacao.[188]

Philanthropy
On February 26, 2014, it was announced that Mars had partnered with the Hawai’i Community Foundation and the GRAMMY Foundation to establish a GRAMMY Camp Scholarship Fund, in order to support the next generation of music makers with funds to provide financial assistance for qualified needs-based applicants from Hawaii.[189] On September 27, 2017, Mars expanded his camp scholarship in order to include applicants from all over the United States. The singer established the partnership in honor of his mother.[190]

Mars’ donated $100,000 (US) to the orphans of Bantay Bata, who were among the victims of Typhoon Haiyan, in order to raise the morale of those who lost their families and homes.[191] Mars performed at the Make It Right gala, whose campaign goal is to “help build homes for people in need.”[192] He also performed at the Robin Hood Foundation’s 2014 annual benefit in New York, whose goal is to “fight poverty in New York City by supporting more than 200 nonprofits with financial and technical assistance.”[193] A day before a concert in the Philippines the singer donated $100,000 (US) to the “Typhoon Yolanda” survivors.[194]

In 2017, Mars donated 1 million dollars from the show at the Palace in Auburn Hills, Michigan to help the victims of the Flint water crisis.[195] The singer participated in the “Somos Una Voz” relief initiative, created by Jennifer Lopez and Marc Anthony, in order to help survivors of the Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico and Mexico’s 7.1 earthquake.[196]

Achievements
See also: List of awards and nominations received by Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars has earned numerous awards and honors throughout his career, including eleven Grammy Awards,[197] three Brit Awards,[198] three Guinness World Record[114][199] nine American and eight Soul Train Music Awards.[200][201] In 2011, Mars made Time magazine’s 100 list, while his former songwriting and record producing team, The Smeezingtons, earned several accolades.[202][203][204] Along with Adele and John Legend, Mars is one of the only artists who has a song that features only piano and vocals to top the Hot 100.[205] He is the first male artist to place two titles as a lead act in the Hot 100’s top 10 simultaneously.[206] Mars became the first solo male artist whose first 13 Top 40 hits all reached the Top 10 on the American Top 40.[207] In total, he has had seven number-one singles on the Hot 100 chart.[34] In 2018, Mars matched Beyonce and Mariah Carey as the only artists with three Top Five singles on the Billboard Hot 100 from their first three studio albums. Carey had three singles on the top five from her first four albums.[208] In the same year, Mars became the first solo male artist with nine number ones on the Billboard Mainstream Top 40 chart.[209] At the 2018 Grammys, Mars became the second artist to win Record and Song of the Year with two different songs from the same album.[210] As of 2018, Mars and Ed Sheeran are the only artists with two songs spending at least half an year in Billboard Hot 100’s Top 10.[211]

According to the International Federation of Phonographic Industry (IFPI), “Just the Way You Are” and “Grenade” are two of the most successful digital singles of all time, with sales of 12.5 million and 10.2 million, respectively. This contributed to Mars becoming the biggest selling artist of 2012.[212] His songs “Just The Way You Are”, “Grenade”, “Locked Out Of Heaven”, and “When I Was Your Man” have each sold over 4 million digital copies, making him the first male artist to do so as a lead singer.[213] Six of his singles are counted among the best-selling singles of all time.[214] As of 2014, Mars has sold over 130 million records worldwide.[215] As of 2017, the singer has sold over 180 million singles worldwide.[216]

Because of the ticket reselling that occurred during the week after the Super Bowl, and in order to limit that kind of profiteering, Hawaii Senate President Donna Mercado Kim introduced Senate Resolution 12, also known as the Bruno Mars Act. It limits all ticket purchases within 48 hours of the on-sale date to the physical box office. This ensures that anyone who comes to the box office to buy tickets for a show should almost certainly be guaranteed a ticket and discourages ticket scalping.[217] The State Senate in Hawaii passed the law.[218]

Personal life
Family and relationships
Mars’s brother, Eric, has continuously served as the drummer for his backup band, The Hooligans. Their sisters, Tiara, Tahiti, and Presley, as well as their cousin Jaime, make up the all-girl music group The Lylas. When she was young, Jamie moved in with the siblings due to parental issues.[219] Mars began dating model Jessica Caban in 2011.[220] The two remain a couple as of 2018, residing together in a mansion in the Hollywood Hills with a Rottweiler named “Geronimo”.[142]

Mother’s death
Mars returned from an overseas gig in May 2013 when he learned in the Los Angeles airport that his mother was gravely ill. He immediately got on a plane to Hawaii. His mother died the next day.[142] On June 2, 2013, a publicist for Atlantic Records confirmed to the Associated Press that Mars’ mother had suffered a brain aneurysm. She had died on Saturday, June 1, 2013, at age 55, at Queens Medical Center in Honolulu, Hawaii.[221][222] Later, on June 7, 2013, the singer broke his silence concerning the loss of his mother on Twitter writing: “So thankful for all the love during the most difficult time in my life. I’ll be back on my feet again soon. That’s what mom wants, she told me.”[223][224]

Legal issues
On January 28, 2014, Demetrius Orlandus Proctor filed a lawsuit, claiming he holds the copyright for the Travie McCoy and Mars’ track “Billionaire”. Proctor claimed he owned the copyright to the music and lyrics of the track since March 31, 2011, though the song was released a year before. As evidence, Proctor has submitted a United States Copyright Office registration certificate for “Frisky Vol. 1 to 30 (Tapes)”, issued in 2000.[225] Proctor accused McCoy and Mars of “willful and intentional” infringe copyright, seeking the destruction of all copies of the recording. Proctor claims he has exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the song.[225]

Ronson and Mars’ “Uptown Funk” has received various accusations and lawsuits due to copyright infringement. In 2015, similarities with “Oops Up Side Your Head” by The Gap Band led them, along with keyboardist Rudolph Taylor, and producer Lonnie Simmons to be added as co-writers of “Uptown Funk”.[226] In the same year, Serbian artist Viktorija argued that “Uptown Funk” infringed on her track “Ulice mračne nisu za devojke”. She decided not to sue Mars and Ronson.[227] In 2016, electro-funk band Collage sued Ronson and Mars for copying their single, “Young Girls”, while The Sequence, a rap group, claimed it infringed their single “Funk You Up” and sued a year later.[228][229] In 2017, Lastrada Entertainment accused and led a lawsuit due to similarities with “More Bounce to the Ounce” by Zapp. The company seeks damage, a jury trial and want to prevent Ronson from profiting with “Uptown Funk”.[230][231] In 2018, the Collage lawsuit was dropped, it was not revealed if there was any financial settlement.[231]

“Treasure” was re-registered in ASCAP with new writing credits, which included Thibaut Jean-Marrie Michel Berland and Irfane Khan Christopher, due to the similarities with Breakbot’s “Baby I’m Yours”.[232][233]

Wealth
Billboard estimated Mars’ earnings around $18,839,681, making him the twelfth highest paid musician of 2013.[234] Forbes magazine began reporting on Bruno Mars’ earnings in 2014, calculating that the $60 million earned between June 2013 to June 2014, for his music and tour, which made him thirteenth on the list of The World’s Most Powerful Celebrities.[235] In June 2017, Mars ranked at sixth on the Forbes World’s Highest Paid Celebrities, earning an estimated $39 million throughout June 2016 – June 2017.[236] In July 2018, Forbes announced that Mars was the America’s highest-paid musician of 2017, with an estimated total of $100 million. This, in turn, placed him at number 11 on the Celebrity 100 list as well as being his highest yearly earnings to date.[126]

Controversies
Tyler, The Creator
In the song “Yonkers”, Tyler, The Creator disparages numerous artists, including Bruno Mars. Tyler also disparages Mars in The Game’s song “Martians vs. Goblins”, in which he and Lil Wayne are featured artists. Mars, in response to the verse “stab Bruno Mars in his goddamn esophagus,” said “[Tyler] has to wait in line if he wants to stab me…[Tyler’s] definitely not the first guy that’s said something like that to me and he’s not going to be the last”.[237] On April 24, 2015, Tyler admitted to being wrong regarding Mars’ talent and pointed to Mars performance of “Gorilla” at the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards as evidence.[238]

Racial ambiguity
In 2013, Mars confessed that “Nothin’ on You” was rejected by a “music industry decision-maker” because of his race. That experience made him feel like a “mutant”, and he says that was his lowest point. “Even with that song in my back pocket to seal the deal, things like that are coming out of people’s mouths. It made me feel like I wasn’t even in the room.”[239] In 2018, Mars was called a cultural appropriator on social media for using his racial ambiguity to profit of black music. Nevertheless, the artist has given credit to those who influenced him, such as Babyface, Teddy Riley and Jimmy Jam & Terry Lewis.[240][241] Various black celebrities, including, Stevie Wonder, Charlie Wilson, 9th Wonder, Marjua Estevez and Stereo Williams dismissed said claims.[240][242][243]

Kanye West
During a performance on November 21, 2013, Kanye West gave his opinion regarding the MTV Video Music Awards, that were held on August 25, 2013. West said, “Bruno Mars won all the motherfucking awards and shit”. He continued, “What I care about is if you’re an artist and you work hard as fuck and the streets say that you deserve that shit. Then can’t no motherfucking networks try to gas everybody up so they can sell some product with the prettiest motherfucker out”.[244] Nevertheless, on February 26, 2015, he publicly apologized to Bruno Mars on Twitter while asking him to sing a hook on a song that he co-produced. West asked Tyler, the Creator to direct the music video.[237][245] Mars confirmed that West called him and apologized.[142]

Mimicking
Over the last years Mars has faced critiques, on social media, due to mimicking the sound of artists in the past.[241] In 2018 during an interview with Billboard, Meshell Ndegeocello called Mars a karaoke singer, lacking originality and sincerity. Ndegeocello used “Finesse”
Bruno Mars
BrunoMars24KMagicWorldTourLive (cropped).jpg
Mars performing on the 24K Magic World Tour in 2017
Background information
Birth name Peter Gene Hernandez
Born October 8, 1985 (age 33)
Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.
Genres
R&B funk pop soul reggae rock hip hop
Occupation(s)
Singer-songwriter record producer dancer
Instruments
Vocals guitar piano keyboards drums
Years active 2004–present
Labels
Universal Motown Atlantic Elektra
Associated acts
The Smeezingtons Shampoo Press & Curl The Hooligans Mark Ronson Jeff Bhasker Andrew Wyatt
Website brunomars.com
Peter Gene Hernandez (born October 8, 1985), known professionally as Bruno Mars, is an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, and dancer. Born and raised in Honolulu, Hawaii, Mars moved to Los Angeles in 2003 to pursue a musical career. After being dropped by Motown Records, Mars signed a recording contract with Atlantic Records in 2009. In the same year, he co-founded the production team The Smeezingtons, responsible for various successful singles for Mars himself and other artists. In 2016, Shampoo Press & Curl replaced The Smeezingtons on the composition of Mars’ third studio album, 24K Magic.

Mars rose to fame in 2010 with the release of the successful singles “Nothin’ on You” by B.o.B and “Billionaire” by Travie McCoy, both of which featured his vocals on the hooks. His debut studio album Doo-Wops & Hooligans (2010) peaked at number three on the US Billboard 200 and reached the top in Canada, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands and in the United Kingdom albums charts. It spawned the international number-one singles “Just the Way You Are”, “Grenade” and “The Lazy Song”. The former won a Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance. In 2011, Mars recorded the thriving single “It Will Rain” for The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 1.

Mars’ second album, Unorthodox Jukebox (2012), peaked at number one on the US Billboard 200, Australia, Canada, Switzerland, and in the UK, winning a Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album. Its singles “Locked Out of Heaven” and “When I Was Your Man” reached number one on the US Billboard Hot 100. In 2014, Mars collaborated with Mark Ronson on “Uptown Funk”, which topped many music charts worldwide, including the US, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and UK. It won two Grammys, including Record of the Year. His third studio album, the R&B-focused 24K Magic (2016), debuted at number two in the United States, Canada, and New Zealand. It received seven Grammys, in conjunction with major categories Album of the Year, Record of the Year, and Song of the Year and yielded the successful singles “24K Magic”, “That’s What I Like” and “Finesse”.

Mars has sold over 130 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling artists of all time. He has released seven number-one singles on the Billboard Hot 100 since his career launched in 2010, attaining his first five faster than any male artist since Elvis Presley. Mars has received many awards and nominations, including eleven Grammy Awards, three Brit Awards, three Guinness World Records, and was named one of Time’s 100 most influential people in the world in 2011. In December 2013, he ranked number one on the Forbes 30 under 30 list. Mars is known for his stage performances and retro showmanship. He is accompanied by his band, The Hooligans, who play a variety of instruments such as electric guitar, bass, piano, keyboards, drums and horns, and also serve as backup singers and dancers. Mars performs in a wide range of musical styles.

Contents
1 Life and career
1.1 1985–2003: Early life and musical beginnings
1.2 2004–2010: Production work and It’s Better If You Don’t Understand
1.3 2010–2012: Doo-Wops & Hooligans
1.4 2012–2014: Unorthodox Jukebox and Super Bowl XLVIII Halftime Show
1.5 2015–present: Super Bowl 50 Halftime performance and 24K Magic
2 Artistry
2.1 Influences
2.2 Musical style and themes
2.3 Showmanship
3 The Hooligans – Band members
4 Other ventures
4.1 Endorsements
4.2 Philanthropy
5 Achievements
6 Personal life
6.1 Family and relationships
6.2 Mother’s death
6.3 Legal issues
6.4 Wealth
7 Controversies
7.1 Tyler, The Creator
7.2 Racial ambiguity
7.3 Kanye West
7.4 Mimicking
8 Discography
9 Filmography
10 Tours and residencies
10.1 Concert tours
10.2 Concert residencies
11 See also
12 References
13 External links
Life and career
1985–2003: Early life and musical beginnings
Peter Gene Hernandez was born on October 8, 1985,[1] in Honolulu, Hawaii, to Peter Hernandez and Bernadette San Pedro Bayot, and was raised in the Waikiki neighborhood of Honolulu.[2][3]

His father is of half Puerto Rican and half Ashkenazi Jewish descent (from Ukraine and Hungary), and is originally from Brooklyn, New York.[3][4][5] His mother emigrated from the Philippines to Hawaii as a child, and was of Filipino, and some Spanish, ancestry.[3][4] His parents met while performing in a show in which his mother was a hula dancer and his father played percussion.[5] At the age of two, he was nicknamed “Bruno” by his father, because of his resemblance to professional wrestler Bruno Sammartino.[6][7][8]

Mars is one of six children and came from a musical family which exposed him to a diverse mix of genres including: reggae, rock, hip hop, and R&B.[9][10] His mother was both a singer and a dancer, and his father performed Little Richard rock and roll music.[11] Mars’ uncle was an Elvis impersonator, and also encouraged three-year-old Mars to perform on stage. Mars performed songs by artists such as Michael Jackson, The Isley Brothers, and The Temptations.[7] At the age of four, Mars began performing five days a week with his family’s band, The Love Notes, and became known on the island for his impersonation of Presley.[12] In 1990, Mars was featured in MidWeek as “Little Elvis”, and later appeared in a cameo role in the film Honeymoon in Vegas (1992),[7][13] and performed in the halftime show of the 1990 Aloha Bowl.[14]

The time Mars spent impersonating Presley had a major impact on his musical evolution and performing techniques.[15] He later began playing guitar after being inspired by Jimi Hendrix.[16] In 2010, he also acknowledged his Hawaiian roots and musical family as an influence, explaining: “Growing up in Hawaii made me the man I am. I used to do a lot of shows in Hawaii with my father’s band. Everybody in my family sings, everyone plays instruments… I’ve just been surrounded by it.”[17][3] When he attended President Theodore Roosevelt High School he performed in a group called The School Boys.[18]

After Mars’ sister in Los Angeles played Mars’ demo for Mike Lynn, (the A&R at Dr. Dre’s Aftermath Entertainment), Lynn summoned Mars to Los Angeles.[19] In 2003, shortly after graduating from high school at the age of 17, Mars moved to Los Angeles, California, to pursue a musical career.[7][13] He adopted his stage name from the nickname his father gave him, adding “Mars” at the end because: “I felt like I didn’t have [any] pizzazz, and a lot of girls say I’m out of this world, so I was like I guess I’m from Mars.”[20] Moreover, the adoption of his stage name was also due to “the music industry tried to pigeonhole him as another Latino artist, and even convinced him to sing in Spanish.”[21]

2004–2010: Production work and It’s Better If You Don’t Understand
“I’d always been a working musician in Hawaii and never had problems paying rent. And then it’s like, ‘Now I’m in L.A. and my phone’s getting shut off.’ That’s when reality hit. I started DJ-ing. It was something silly. I told this person I could DJ because they said they could pay me $75 cash under the table. I didn’t know how to DJ. I lost that job pretty quick.”
—Mars, speaking about his experiences of moving to Los Angeles to pursue a musical career.[22] Shortly after moving to Los Angeles, Mars signed with Motown Records in 2004, in a deal that “went nowhere”, and had a conversation with Will.i.am’s management which turned out to be fruitless.[23][21] During this time, people in the music industry took Mars as another Latino artist, due to his surname, and even tried to convince him to sing in Spanish saying: “Your last name’s Hernandez, maybe you should do the Latin music, this Spanish music… Enrique [Iglesias] is so hot right now”. Nevertheless, Mars used his childhood nickname Bruno and changed his surname to Mars, in an effort to “avoid being stereotyped”.[21] However, the singer’s experience with Motown proved to be beneficial to his career when he met songwriter and producer Philip Lawrence, who was also signed to the label.[23]

After Mars was dropped by the label less than a year after being signed, he stayed in Los Angeles and landed a music publishing deal in 2005 with Steve Lindsey and Cameron Strang at Westside Independent.[24][19]

“Bruno came to the conclusion that the best way to further his career was writing and producing hit songs.”
—Cameron Strang, speaking about developing Mars’ career.[19] Lindsey showed Mars and Jeff Bhasker (who Mars met through Mike Lynn) the ins and outs of writing pop music and acted as a mentor helping them to hone their craft. Bhasker explained that Lindsey would “mentor us, and kind of give us lectures as to what a hit pop song is, because you can have talent and music ability, but understanding what makes a hit pop song is a whole other discipline.”[24][19][25] Mars played cover songs around Los Angeles in a band with Bhasker and Eric Hernandez, (Mars’ brother), who is now The Hooligans’ drummer.[26]

When Lawrence was first told he should meet Mars he was reluctant to do so since he did not even have money for bus fare. Keith Harris, drummer for The Black Eyed Peas, told him: “Whatever it costs you to get out here, I’ll reimburse you.” Lawrence responded: “Just give me five dollars back for the bus.”[27] The pair began collaborating, writing songs for Mars, but they received many rejections from labels. On the verge of giving up, they received a call from Brandon Creed, who was looking for songs for a reunited Menudo. He liked their song “Lost”, which was written for Mars. The duo did not want to give the song away, but when they were offered $20,000 for it they agreed. The sale of this song allowed them to continue working,[27] and Mars and Lawrence decided that they would write and produce songs together for other artists.[19] Eventually, Creed became Mars’ manager for nine years.[27][28]

In 2006, Lawrence introduced Mars to his future A&R manager at Atlantic Records, Aaron Bay-Schuck.[29] After hearing him play a couple of songs on the guitar, Bay-Schuck wanted to sign him immediately, but it took roughly three years for Atlantic records to finally sign Mars to the label, because they felt it was too early and that he still needed to develop as an artist.[24][29]

Before becoming a successful solo artist, Mars was an acknowledged music producer, writing songs for Alexandra Burke, Travie McCoy, Adam Levine, Brandy, Sean Kingston, and Flo Rida.[9][22] He also co-wrote the Sugababes’ hit song “Get Sexy” and provided backing vocals on their album Sweet 7.[30] His first recorded appearance as a singer was on Far East Movement’s second studio album Animal, on the track “3D”.[31] He was also featured on pastor and hip hop artist Jaeson Ma’s debut single “Love” in August 2009.[32][33] He reached prominence as a solo artist after being featured on, and composing, under The Smeezingtons, B.o.B’s “Nothin’ on You” and Travie McCoy’s “Billionaire”; both songs peaked within the top ten on many charts worldwide, with the former charting at number one in the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 and in the UK single charts.[34][35][36]

He said of them: “I think those songs weren’t meant to be full-sung songs. If I’d sung all of “Nothin’ on You”, it might’ve sounded like some ’90s R&B.” Following this success, Mars released his debut extended play (EP), titled It’s Better If You Don’t Understand, on May 11, 2010.[37] The EP peaked at number 99 on the Billboard 200 and a music video was released for the song “The Other Side” featuring singers CeeLo Green and B.o.B.[38][39] Mars, under The Smeezingtons, collaborated with Green once more composing the single “Fuck You” .[40]

2010–2012: Doo-Wops & Hooligans

Bruno Mars playing the keyboard in a concert in Houston
After serving as guest vocalist on B.o.B’s and Travie McCoy’s singles,[41] Mars released “Just the Way You Are” on July 19, 2010.[42] The song was the lead single from his debut studio album, Doo-Wops & Hooligans, and reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100, Canada and in the UK,[34][43][35] as well as several other charts worldwide.[36] The song holds the record as the longest-reigning debut format hit, spending twenty weeks atop Adult Contemporary.[44] He also released two promotional singles, “Liquor Store Blues” featuring Damian Marley and “Grenade”, before confirming the latter as the album’s second single on October 21, 2010.[45][46] “Grenade” reached number one on the Hot 100, Canada and in the UK.[34][43][35] It was also successful on other international charts.[36] The album, released on October 5, 2010, debuted at number three on the Billboard 200, selling 55,000 copies.[47][48] It charted number one in Canada, Switzerland, in the United Kingdom and other international album charts.[49][35][36] Doo-Wops & Hooligans received generally positive reviews from music critics and has since sold six million copies worldwide.[50][51] In February 2011, “The Lazy Song” was released as the third single[52] becoming the album’s third consecutive top five on the Hot 100, peaking at number four and reaching the top spot in Denmark and UK.[34][36][35]

“Talking to the Moon” became the fourth official single, only in Brazil, following its appearance on the soundtrack of the Brazilian telenovela Insensato Coração (Irrational Heart) from 2011.[53] It reached the top position on Billboard Brasil Hot Pop Songs and the Hot 100 Airplay, spending several weeks on the top of both charts.[54][55] “Marry You” was first released as a single on August 22, 2011.[56] Although it was not released as a single in the US, it peaked at number 85 on the Hot 100 on January 15, 2011, due to strong digital sales, 2.2 million as of 2015, and entered in several charts worldwide.[34][36][57] In November, “Count On Me” was released as the album’s overall sixth single in Australia, but charted in various regions.[36][58] Additionally, Mars recorded and composed with the Smeezingtons a song titled “It Will Rain”, the first single for The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 1 Original Motion Picture Soundtrack.[59] The song was released on iTunes on September 27, 2011.[60] It peaked at number three on the Billboard Hot 100 and at number two in New Zealand.[34][36] During this period, he appeared on a number of collaborative singles, including “Lighters”, with Bad Meets Evil issued on July 5, 2011,[61] “Mirror”, released on September 13, 2011,[62] with Lil Wayne, and “Young, Wild & Free” with Wiz Khalifa and Snoop Dogg, available for purchase on October 11, 2011.[63] The songs peaked at number four, sixteen and seven on the Billboard Hot 100, respectively and reached the top twenty of various music charts worldwide.[34][36]

On September 19, 2010, Mars was arrested in Las Vegas at the Hard Rock Casino for possession of cocaine. While talking to a police officer, Mars reportedly declared that what he did was “foolish” and that “he has never used drugs before.”[21] Mars pleaded guilty to felony drug possession and in return was told that the charges would be erased from his criminal record as long as he stayed out of trouble for a year. He paid a $2,000 fine, did 200 hours of community service, and completed a drug counseling course.[21][64] Nevertheless, in a cover story for GQ magazine in 2013, Mars said “I was young, man! I was in f—ing Vegas…I wasn’t thinking”, he added: “I was given a number one record and I’m out doing dumb sh–.” Mars confessed that he lied to the authorities about having done cocaine before, saying “I don’t know where that came from”, adding: “I was really intoxicated. I was really drunk. So a lot of that is a big blur, and I try every day to forget and keep pushing.”[21]

Mars started to promote his debut album, as the opening act for Maroon 5 and One Republic, on the fall leg of Hands All Over Tour. Later, on October 18, 2010, the singer began a co-headline European tour with Travis McCoy that lasted until early November.[47] Doo-Wops & Hooligans received further promotion, when the singer embarked on his first concert tour, The Doo-Wops & Hooligans Tour, that ran from November 2010 to January 2012.[45][65] Most shows took place on smaller venues, such as theaters and ballrooms, which narrowed down his income in the short term, since he rejected various offers to open for notable artists on arena tours, but led to create a substantial fan base.[66][67]

At the 2011 Grammy Awards, Mars won his first Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance for “Just the Way You Are” and received other six nominations for his work. Best Rap Song, Best Rap/Sung Collaboration and Record of the Year for “Nothin’ on You”, the latter category along with Song of the Year for “Fuck You”, and Producer of the Year, Non-Classical as The Smeezingtons.[68][69] At the 2012 Grammy Awards, Mars lost all the six categories in which he was nominated to Adele. This included, Album of the Year and Best Pop Vocal Album for Doo-Wops & Hooligans, Best Pop Solo Performance, Record and Song of the Year for “Grenade”, while Producer of the Year, Non-Classical as The Smeezingtons was lost to Paul Epworth.[70] During this time, he also won his first American Music Award for Favorite Pop/Rock Male Artist, International Male Solo Artist at the Brit Awards and the Echo Award for Best International Male.[71][72]

2012–2014: Unorthodox Jukebox and Super Bowl XLVIII Halftime Show
On March 22, 2012, it was announced that Mars had signed a worldwide publishing deal with BMG Chrysalis US.[73] In September 2012, when interviewed by Billboard, Mars stated that his album would be more musically varied and refused to “pick a lane”, adding: “I want to have the freedom and luxury to walk into a studio and say, ‘Today I want to do a hip-hop, R&B, soul or rock record’ “. He announced the album title Unorthodox Jukebox along with the ten songs which would make the final cut, and the title of the first single, “Locked out of Heaven”, released on October 1, 2012.[74] The lead single from Unorthodox Jukebox reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100, Canada and number two on the UK single charts.[34][43][35] It charted within the top ten in fifteen countries worldwide.[36]

Unorthodox Jukebox, produced mainly by The Smeezingtons, was released on December 11, 2012,[74] and debuted at number two on the Billboard 200 with sales of 192,000 units.[75] The album eventually peaked at number one on the Billboard 200, almost three months after its release.[76] It also charted number one in Australia, Canada, Switzerland and in the United Kingdom, becoming the fastest selling album by a solo artist in 2012 in the UK[49][36][77] and has since sold six million copies worldwide.[78] “When I Was Your Man”, was released as the second single from Unorthodox Jukebox on January 15, 2013, and peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100,[34] making Elvis Presley the only male who has achieved five number one singles on the Hot 100 more quickly than Mars.[79] It reached number two on the UK single charts and was top ten in several countries.[35][36] The third single “Treasure” peaked at number five in the United States, but had less commercial success worldwide than the previous two.[34][36] On May 24, 2013, Major Lazer issued a remix of “Bubble Butt”, as the fourth single from their album Free the Universe, featuring Tyga, 2 Chainz, Mystic, and Mars on vocals.[80] In late 2013, “Gorilla”[81] and “Young Girls”[82] followed as the album’s fourth and fifth singles, and reached the top 35 on the Hot 100.[34]

Mars ran his second headlining tour, The Moonshine Jungle Tour, from June 2013 to October 2014.[83][84] The tour grossed $156,4 million globally.[85][86] On September 8, 2013, Mars was announced as the headline performer at the Super Bowl XLVIII halftime show on February 2, 2014.[87] The Red Hot Chili Peppers served as special guests for the show.[88] It was the first Super Bowl halftime headlined by a performer under 30, and of Puerto Rican descent.[89] The show was the most watched halftime show in the history of the Super Bowl, drawing a rating of 115.3 million viewers. The viewership was higher than the game itself.[90] However, it was surpassed the following year by Katy Perry’s halftime show.[91] He also performed at the 2015 Rock in Rio festival on May 16, 2015.[92]

At the 2014 Grammy Awards Mars won the award for Best Pop Vocal Album for Unorthodox Jukebox. “Locked Out of Heaven” was nominated for Record and Song of the Year, while “When I Was Your Man” earned a nomination for Best Pop Solo Performance.[93] In the same year, the album was recognized with the Juno Award for International Album of the Year.[94] Aside from his music career, Mars played the role of Roberto in the movie Rio 2 which was released in theaters on March 20, 2014.[95] He also contributed to the soundtrack with “Welcome Back”.[96] In October, 2014, Mark Ronson announced the release of a new single on November 10, 2014, titled “Uptown Funk”, featuring Mars’ vocals.[97] The song was a commercial success reaching number one in several countries, including the US,[34] Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the UK.[43][35][36] In 2013, Mars was named Artist of the Year by Billboard and ranked number one on the Forbes list 30 Under 30, a tally of the brightest stars in 15 different fields under the age of 30.[98][99]

2015–present: Super Bowl 50 Halftime performance and 24K Magic
After ending the Moonshine Jungle Tour, Mars began working on his third studio album, 24K Magic. He wrote on his Facebook page: “Now it’s time to start writing chapter 3”. The artist had not come up with a date for the release, stating: “Until it’s done … It’s gotta be just as good if not better”.[100] In March 2015, the artist provided some details of the new album, on that’s Shanghai magazine, confirming Mark Ronson and Jeff Bhasker as producers. He wanted to improve his songwriting, shows, music videos and make a better album than the previous two.[101] In the same year, Mars (as The Smeezingtons) composed “All I Ask”, a track from Adele’s album 25.[102] Their work with Adele brought Mars a Grammy Award for Album of the Year at the 2017 Grammy Awards.[103]

On December 2, 2015, it was announced that Coldplay would be headlining the Super Bowl 50 halftime show on February 7, 2016.[104] Mars and Beyoncé were guest acts tying, at that time, with Justin Timberlake and Nelly for appearing twice on the Super Bowl halftime. They are only surpassed by Gloria Estefan, with three appearances.[105] It became one of the most watched halftime shows.[106] At the 2016 Grammy Awards, Ronson and Mars’ single, “Uptown Funk”, won the Grammy Award for Best Pop Duo/Group Performance and Record of the Year.[107] In the same year, the singer was in the studio with his band’s bass player Jamareo Artis, engineer Charles Moniz, singer-songwriter Andrew Wyatt and EDM producer Skrillex.[108][109] Moniz confirmed the album was close to being finished and Artis claimed it was set to be released in 2016.[110][111] The album was to be issued in March, but Mars’ appearance at the Super Bowl halftime show led the release to be postponed several months. At that time seven songs were already recorded.[112] On May, the singer not only split with his manager, Brandon Creed, but also starred in the second season of Jane the Virgin as a musical guest.[28][113] The Guinness World Records recognized him in its 2017 edition as the “First Male Artist to achieve three 10-million-selling-singles”.[114]

“24K Magic” was released as the lead single from 24K Magic on October 7, 2016.[115] It was promoted with a performance on Saturday Night Live and peaked at number four in the United States.[116][34] It reached the top spot in Belgium (Flanders), France and New Zealand.[36] In November, CBS announced an interview segment on “60 Minutes”, presented by Lara Logan, in which Mars talked about his new album and humble roots. This was his first television appearance in four years, coinciding with the release of the album.[117] 24K Magic, released on November 18, 2016, debuted number two on the Billboard 200, Canada, France and New Zealand.[118][49][36] It received positive reviews from critics and was composed mainly by Shampoo Press & Curl, a production team consisting of Mars, Lawrence and Christopher Brown, who replaced The Smeezingtons.[119][120] “That’s What I Like” was released as the second single on January 30, 2017 and reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100.[121][34] However, it had less success in international markets.[36] In June, the original version and a remix with David Guetta of “Versace on the Floor” were issued as the album’s third single.[122][123] It reached the top 35 of the Hot 100.[34] In November, “Chunky” was announced as the album’s fourth single only in Australia.[124] “Finesse” featuring Cardi B was released as the last single from 24k Magic on January 4, 2018.[125] It became a top-three single on the Hot 100 and Canada, reaching number two in New Zealand.[34][43][36]

The singer’s third headlining tour, the 24K Magic World Tour, began in March 2017. It has so far grossed $300 million worldwide.[126] In September 2017, Us Weekly announced plans for a TV special by Mars at the Apollo Theater in New York.[127] It was confirmed that Mars would be starring in his first TV concert titled Bruno Mars: 24K Magic Live at the Apollo, a one-hour special, aired by CBS on November 29. The show was produced by Fulwell 73 Productions and co-produced by Ben Winston and Mars.[128] Mars received seven awards at the 2017 American Music Awards, including Artist of the Year, two for “That’s What I Like” and other two for his album 24K Magic.[129] He also won Album/Mixtape of the Year at the 2017 Soul Train Music Awards, in addition to four other awards.[130] At the 2018 Grammy Awards, Mars won in the six categories for which he was nominated. Album of the Year and Best R&B Album for 24K Magic, Record of the Year for the title track and Song of The Year, Best R&B Performance and Best R&B Song for “That’s What I Like”. 24K Magic also won a Grammy Award for Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical awarding the engineers for their work on the album.[131] In the same year Mars won several awards in R&B categories at the Billboard and iHeartRadio Music Awards.[132][133]

In early 2018, according to Jackie Jackson, Mars had worked on Michael Jackson’s music.[134] However, the singer denied any involvement in Jackson’s music.[135] Despite Nile Rodgers stating that Mars would be featured on Chic’s studio album It’s About Time (2018), the track didn’t made the final cut.[136][137] Charlie Wilson admitted that he and Mars were working on a collboration.[138] In the same year, Forbes reported that Mars could have left Creed’s management company due to the latter selling half of it. After this, Mars took his business affairs under his own management company, Gorilla Management, which is operated by Aaron Elharar.[126] Mars is featured, along with Kodak Black, on Gucci Mane’s single “Wake Up in the Sky” issued in September 2018.[citation needed]

Artistry
Influences
Michael Jackson performing
Prince playing guitar
Musicians including Michael Jackson (left) and Prince (right) have influenced Mars.
As a child, Mars spent time impersonating Elvis Presley. This playact had a major impact on his musical evolution; he later reflected:

I’m a big fan of 1950s Elvis when he would go on stage and scare people because he was a force and girls would go nuts! You can say the same thing for Prince or The Police. It’s just guys who know that people are here to see a show, so I watch those guys and I love studying them because I’m a fan.[15]

He also impersonated Michael Jackson and Little Richard, both of whom are major inspirations of his.[7][11] Mars was raised on his father’s doo-wop collection — “simple four-chord songs that got straight to the point” and on Little Richard, Jerry Lee Lewis,and Frankie Lymon.[139][140] The hip-hop productions by The Neptunes and Timbaland, that were played on the radio constantly, also influenced him.[139]

Mars’ musical style gravitated initially towards R&B since he was influenced by artists such as Keith Sweat, Jodeci, and R. Kelly.[141] As a child he also took notice of Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, New Edition, Bobby Brown, Boyz II Men, Teddy Riley and Babyface.[142] At the same time, he also listened to 1950s rock ‘n’ roll, doo-wop music, and Motown.[141] In high school, he listened to classic rock groups such as Led Zeppelin, and The Beatles, whose influences can be heard in Mars’ work,[141] as well as singers with high voices, like Stevie Wonder and Freddie Mercury.[143] Bob Marley, and local bands in Hawaii, were a major influence and account for his reggae roots.[5] Hip-hop acts like Jay-Z, The Roots, and Cody Chesnutt were among some of Mars’ favourites, and have influenced his composition skills.[141] Each of these musical genres has influenced Mars’ musical style; he observed that: “It’s not easy to [create] songs with that mixture of rock and soul and hip-hop, and there’s only a handful of them.”[141] Mars also admires classical music.[144]

Other artists Mars has said inspired his work include: Jimi Hendrix,[141][144] Amy Winehouse,[145] Sly Stone, Carlos Santana, George Clinton, Coldplay, and Usher.[11][144][146] Mars has also stated that he is a fan of: Alicia Keys, Jessie J, Jack White, The Saturdays, and Kings of Leon.[147]

Musical style and themes
Mars’ music has been noted for displaying a wide variety of styles, musical genres, and influences, including pop,[148] rock,[148] reggae,[148] R&B,[149] soul,[150] and hip hop.[139] His debut album Doo-Wops & Hooligans, a pop record, is influence by these genres.[150] His subsequent release, Unorthodox Jukebox, as with his debut album, is infused with different influences including dance, rock reggae and soul, as well as balladry.[151][152] Lyrically, the album is different than the former, addressing traditional notions of romance, male chauvinism, and sexuality.[151][153] The explicit content in the song “Gorilla” caused a controversy in Australia.[154] Many of his songs, particularly on Doo-Wops & Hooligans, reflect “feel-good”, carefree, and optimistic sentiments.[155][156] However, darker subjects are addressed in his songs, detailing failed relationships and self-destructive behaviour.[150][157] Mars’ third album, 24K Magic, is significantly influence by R&B, soul music and funk.[158][159] Lyrically, the album involve themes of money and sex.[160] Mars has explained his writing process: “I don’t sit down and think, ‘I’m going to write a song’, since “You can’t force creativeness” as inspiration comes out of the blue in different places. Ideas occur suddenly to him; and occasionally, he is able to materialize them into lyrics. It can take him one year to come up with something.[101]

Mars claims that his work with other artists has influenced his musical style: “Nothin’ on You had a Motown vibe, Billionaire was a reggae acoustic guitar-driven song, though one of my favourites is the CeeLo Green song. I don’t think anyone else could’ve sung that song. And there’s Just the Way You Are. If you know my story, you know I love all different genres of music.” [161] Mars states that growing up in Hawaii influenced his style, giving the songs a reggae sound. He explains: “In Hawaii some of the biggest radio stations are reggae. That music brings people together. It’s not urban music or pop music. It’s just songs. That’s what makes it cross over so well. The song comes first.”[5]

Philip Lawrence, one of his music partners from The Smeezingtons, stated: “What people don’t know is there’s a darker underbelly to Bruno Mars.” Nevertheless, most of his music is romantic and Mars himself says: “I blame that on me singing to girls back in high school”.[162]

Mars possesses a three octave tenor vocal range.[152] Jon Caramanica of The New York Times commented that he is one of the most “versatile and accessible singers in pop, with a light, soul-influenced voice that’s an easy fit in a range of styles, a universal donor”,[139] while Tim Sendra from AllMusic described Mars’ vocals on Doo-Wops & Hooligans as “the kind of smooth instrument that slips into your ear like honey.”[163] Jody Rosen from Rolling Stone called Mars a “nimble, soulful vocalist” on Unorthodox Jukebox. Jim Farber of the New York Daily News praised Mars’ voice due to “the purity, cream and range of mid-period Michael Jackson” in a review of a concert promoting Unorthodox Jukebox.[164] On 24K Magic, Consequence of Sound’s Karen Gwen afirmed that Mars showed his “pips” and pushed his vocals to the limit. She described his voice as a “clear, unapologetic tenor” being a “blessing” nowadays.[165] Jon Caramanica of The New York Times found 24K Magic to show Mars’ vocal ability from tenderness to “the more forceful side of his voice”.[166] Mars is also able to play drums,[167][168] guitar,[168][169] keyboard,[169] bass,[168] and piano.[79][169] Mars usually plays the instrumentation or part of it, on his albums and on the songs he composes for other artists.[168][170]

Showmanship
Mars performing in a concert
Bruno Mars and The Hooligans performing with strobe lights
Mars is known for his retro showmanship which is widely acclaimed by tour critics and reviewers.[171][172][173] Deanna Ramsay of The Jakarta Post described Mars as a “truly global star”.[174] Boston Herald’s Jim Sullivan compared Mars’ shownmaship to Michael Jackson and Elvis Presley.[171] Kevin Johnson of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch called Mars a “consummate performer.”[175] The Boston Globe’s Sarah Rodman said that Mars shows an “indefatigable ecstatic approach to performing” and “classic showmanship.”[172] In the same vein, Jim Farber of the Daily News stated of the halftime show at Super Bowl XLVIII that Mars “brings old-school showmanship to dynamic performance.”[173]

During The Doo-Wops & Hooligans Tour, Ara Jansan from The West Australian called the performance “one of the most creative and exciting displays of musical artistry” she had witnessed in a long time and noticed the concert attracted a wide-ranging audience of all age groups.[176] The Oregonian’s Robert Ham explained that the singer not only grabbed the spectators’ attention throughout the entire concert, but he also sang every note by himself with noticeable guitar skills.[177] On the Moonshine Jungle Tour, Jason Lipshutz of Billboard described Mars’ performance as “entertaining … keeping smiles plastered on the faces of his onlookers, and he does a better job at it than almost anyone working in music right now”.[178] Rolling Stone magazine placed Mars at number 35 on its list of 50 Best Live Acts Right Now in 2013; “Anyone from the age of 5 to 95 can walk out of a Bruno Mars concert feeling like the show was designed just for them. Mars walks the old-school walk and talks the sexy talk, but he also nails the hits, leads a super-energetic nine-piece soul band, and rips a mean drum solo”.[179] NFL executives Sarah Moll and Tracy Perlman stated that: “If you go to his concerts, it’s 11-year-old girls to 65-year-old women—it’s everyone”, after seeing The Moonshine Jungle tour several times during the summer of 2013.[98]

Mars’ concerts feature The Hooligans, a band that includes: a guitarist, bassist, drummer, keyboardist, and a horn section. They also serve as dancers and background singers.[175][180] Critics noted the difference the backup band and the arrangements made to the sound of the live versions of the songs compared to those on the album.[176][181] Mars’ shows feature all-band choreographed dancing arrangements, which include footwork that is inspired by James Brown and the splits.[179][182][183] His shows are heavily influenced by the disco era with a soul revue-inspired set.[175][173] In addition, long, mellow, and soft interludes that echo the smooth contemporary R&B style which was popular during the 1990s are also part of the show.[175][180] His set list blends several genres of music such as: pop, doo-wop, funk, R&B, soul and reggae.[175][172] His first two headlining concert tours included various covers.[178][181] Mars’ shows usually feature pyrotechnics, strobe and laser lighting,[172][175] and he typically plays the drums and guitar.[172][175]

The Hooligans – Band members
Current members[184] Bruno Mars – lead vocals, guitar (2010–present)
Philip Lawrence – backing vocals (2010–present)
Phredley Brown – keyboard (2010–2012), lead guitar (2012–present), backing vocals (2010–present)
Jamareo Artis – bass guitar (2010–present)
Eric Hernandez – drums (2010–present)
Kameron Whalum – trombone (2010–present)
Dwayne Dugger – saxophone (2010–present)
James King – trumpet (2010–present)
John Fossit – keyboard, piano (2012–present)
Former members[185] Kenji Chan – lead guitar (2010–2012)
Other ventures
Endorsements
On May 12, 2013, Mars tweeted a picture of himself using an electronic cigarette. On May 30, 2013, a press release was published reporting Mars’ investment in the NJOY Electronic Cigarette Company, “in order to quit smoking for his mother”, since the singer “believes in the product and the company’s mission.”[186]

Mars decided to invest in Chromatik, which makes digital versions of sheet music for the web and iPad. Mars said: “I love that Chromatik will bring better music education into schools” … “[a]nd I’m happy to be a part of it.”[187]

In 2014, Bruno Mars teamed up with three partners to launch the “Selvarey Rum” brand which includes Selvarey White, made of blended three and five-year aged Panamanian rums and the five-year-old rum flavored with chocolate, Selvarey Cacao.[188]

Philanthropy
On February 26, 2014, it was announced that Mars had partnered with the Hawai’i Community Foundation and the GRAMMY Foundation to establish a GRAMMY Camp Scholarship Fund, in order to support the next generation of music makers with funds to provide financial assistance for qualified needs-based applicants from Hawaii.[189] On September 27, 2017, Mars expanded his camp scholarship in order to include applicants from all over the United States. The singer established the partnership in honor of his mother.[190]

Mars’ donated $100,000 (US) to the orphans of Bantay Bata, who were among the victims of Typhoon Haiyan, in order to raise the morale of those who lost their families and homes.[191] Mars performed at the Make It Right gala, whose campaign goal is to “help build homes for people in need.”[192] He also performed at the Robin Hood Foundation’s 2014 annual benefit in New York, whose goal is to “fight poverty in New York City by supporting more than 200 nonprofits with financial and technical assistance.”[193] A day before a concert in the Philippines the singer donated $100,000 (US) to the “Typhoon Yolanda” survivors.[194]

In 2017, Mars donated 1 million dollars from the show at the Palace in Auburn Hills, Michigan to help the victims of the Flint water crisis.[195] The singer participated in the “Somos Una Voz” relief initiative, created by Jennifer Lopez and Marc Anthony, in order to help survivors of the Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico and Mexico’s 7.1 earthquake.[196]

Achievements
See also: List of awards and nominations received by Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars has earned numerous awards and honors throughout his career, including eleven Grammy Awards,[197] three Brit Awards,[198] three Guinness World Record[114][199] nine American and eight Soul Train Music Awards.[200][201] In 2011, Mars made Time magazine’s 100 list, while his former songwriting and record producing team, The Smeezingtons, earned several accolades.[202][203][204] Along with Adele and John Legend, Mars is one of the only artists who has a song that features only piano and vocals to top the Hot 100.[205] He is the first male artist to place two titles as a lead act in the Hot 100’s top 10 simultaneously.[206] Mars became the first solo male artist whose first 13 Top 40 hits all reached the Top 10 on the American Top 40.[207] In total, he has had seven number-one singles on the Hot 100 chart.[34] In 2018, Mars matched Beyonce and Mariah Carey as the only artists with three Top Five singles on the Billboard Hot 100 from their first three studio albums. Carey had three singles on the top five from her first four albums.[208] In the same year, Mars became the first solo male artist with nine number ones on the Billboard Mainstream Top 40 chart.[209] At the 2018 Grammys, Mars became the second artist to win Record and Song of the Year with two different songs from the same album.[210] As of 2018, Mars and Ed Sheeran are the only artists with two songs spending at least half an year in Billboard Hot 100’s Top 10.[211]

According to the International Federation of Phonographic Industry (IFPI), “Just the Way You Are” and “Grenade” are two of the most successful digital singles of all time, with sales of 12.5 million and 10.2 million, respectively. This contributed to Mars becoming the biggest selling artist of 2012.[212] His songs “Just The Way You Are”, “Grenade”, “Locked Out Of Heaven”, and “When I Was Your Man” have each sold over 4 million digital copies, making him the first male artist to do so as a lead singer.[213] Six of his singles are counted among the best-selling singles of all time.[214] As of 2014, Mars has sold over 130 million records worldwide.[215] As of 2017, the singer has sold over 180 million singles worldwide.[216]

Because of the ticket reselling that occurred during the week after the Super Bowl, and in order to limit that kind of profiteering, Hawaii Senate President Donna Mercado Kim introduced Senate Resolution 12, also known as the Bruno Mars Act. It limits all ticket purchases within 48 hours of the on-sale date to the physical box office. This ensures that anyone who comes to the box office to buy tickets for a show should almost certainly be guaranteed a ticket and discourages ticket scalping.[217] The State Senate in Hawaii passed the law.[218]

Personal life
Family and relationships
Mars’s brother, Eric, has continuously served as the drummer for his backup band, The Hooligans. Their sisters, Tiara, Tahiti, and Presley, as well as their cousin Jaime, make up the all-girl music group The Lylas. When she was young, Jamie moved in with the siblings due to parental issues.[219] Mars began dating model Jessica Caban in 2011.[220] The two remain a couple as of 2018, residing together in a mansion in the Hollywood Hills with a Rottweiler named “Geronimo”.[142]

Mother’s death
Mars returned from an overseas gig in May 2013 when he learned in the Los Angeles airport that his mother was gravely ill. He immediately got on a plane to Hawaii. His mother died the next day.[142] On June 2, 2013, a publicist for Atlantic Records confirmed to the Associated Press that Mars’ mother had suffered a brain aneurysm. She had died on Saturday, June 1, 2013, at age 55, at Queens Medical Center in Honolulu, Hawaii.[221][222] Later, on June 7, 2013, the singer broke his silence concerning the loss of his mother on Twitter writing: “So thankful for all the love during the most difficult time in my life. I’ll be back on my feet again soon. That’s what mom wants, she told me.”[223][224]

Legal issues
On January 28, 2014, Demetrius Orlandus Proctor filed a lawsuit, claiming he holds the copyright for the Travie McCoy and Mars’ track “Billionaire”. Proctor claimed he owned the copyright to the music and lyrics of the track since March 31, 2011, though the song was released a year before. As evidence, Proctor has submitted a United States Copyright Office registration certificate for “Frisky Vol. 1 to 30 (Tapes)”, issued in 2000.[225] Proctor accused McCoy and Mars of “willful and intentional” infringe copyright, seeking the destruction of all copies of the recording. Proctor claims he has exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the song.[225]

Ronson and Mars’ “Uptown Funk” has received various accusations and lawsuits due to copyright infringement. In 2015, similarities with “Oops Up Side Your Head” by The Gap Band led them, along with keyboardist Rudolph Taylor, and producer Lonnie Simmons to be added as co-writers of “Uptown Funk”.[226] In the same year, Serbian artist Viktorija argued that “Uptown Funk” infringed on her track “Ulice mračne nisu za devojke”. She decided not to sue Mars and Ronson.[227] In 2016, electro-funk band Collage sued Ronson and Mars for copying their single, “Young Girls”, while The Sequence, a rap group, claimed it infringed their single “Funk You Up” and sued a year later.[228][229] In 2017, Lastrada Entertainment accused and led a lawsuit due to similarities with “More Bounce to the Ounce” by Zapp. The company seeks damage, a jury trial and want to prevent Ronson from profiting with “Uptown Funk”.[230][231] In 2018, the Collage lawsuit was dropped, it was not revealed if there was any financial settlement.[231]

“Treasure” was re-registered in ASCAP with new writing credits, which included Thibaut Jean-Marrie Michel Berland and Irfane Khan Christopher, due to the similarities with Breakbot’s “Baby I’m Yours”.[232][233]

Wealth
Billboard estimated Mars’ earnings around $18,839,681, making him the twelfth highest paid musician of 2013.[234] Forbes magazine began reporting on Bruno Mars’ earnings in 2014, calculating that the $60 million earned between June 2013 to June 2014, for his music and tour, which made him thirteenth on the list of The World’s Most Powerful Celebrities.[235] In June 2017, Mars ranked at sixth on the Forbes World’s Highest Paid Celebrities, earning an estimated $39 million throughout June 2016 – June 2017.[236] In July 2018, Forbes announced that Mars was the America’s highest-paid musician of 2017, with an estimated total of $100 million. This, in turn, placed him at number 11 on the Celebrity 100 list as well as being his highest yearly earnings to date.[126]

Controversies
Tyler, The Creator
In the song “Yonkers”, Tyler, The Creator disparages numerous artists, including Bruno Mars. Tyler also disparages Mars in The Game’s song “Martians vs. Goblins”, in which he and Lil Wayne are featured artists. Mars, in response to the verse “stab Bruno Mars in his goddamn esophagus,” said “[Tyler] has to wait in line if he wants to stab me…[Tyler’s] definitely not the first guy that’s said something like that to me and he’s not going to be the last”.[237] On April 24, 2015, Tyler admitted to being wrong regarding Mars’ talent and pointed to Mars performance of “Gorilla” at the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards as evidence.[238]

Racial ambiguity
In 2013, Mars confessed that “Nothin’ on You” was rejected by a “music industry decision-maker” because of his race. That experience made him feel like a “mutant”, and he says that was his lowest point. “Even with that song in my back pocket to seal the deal, things like that are coming out of people’s mouths. It made me feel like I wasn’t even in the room.”[239] In 2018, Mars was called a cultural appropriator on social media for using his racial ambiguity to profit of black music. Nevertheless, the artist has given credit to those who influenced him, such as Babyface, Teddy Riley and Jimmy Jam & Terry Lewis.[240][241] Various black celebrities, including, Stevie Wonder, Charlie Wilson, 9th Wonder, Marjua Estevez and Stereo Williams dismissed said claims.[240][242][243]

Kanye West
During a performance on November 21, 2013, Kanye West gave his opinion regarding the MTV Video Music Awards, that were held on August 25, 2013. West said, “Bruno Mars won all the motherfucking awards and shit”. He continued, “What I care about is if you’re an artist and you work hard as fuck and the streets say that you deserve that shit. Then can’t no motherfucking networks try to gas everybody up so they can sell some product with the prettiest motherfucker out”.[244] Nevertheless, on February 26, 2015, he publicly apologized to Bruno Mars on Twitter while asking him to sing a hook on a song that he co-produced. West asked Tyler, the Creator to direct the music video.[237][245] Mars confirmed that West called him and apologized.[142]

Mimicking
Over the last years Mars has faced critiques, on social media, due to mimicking the sound of artists in the past.[241] In 2018 during an interview with Billboard, Meshell Ndegeocello called Mars a karaoke singer, lacking originality and sincerity. Ndegeocello used “Finesse”

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